CABIRI Research: The Eugenics Theory & Big Pharma…

John D. Rockefeller vs International Pharmaceutical Corporation’s & Women Reproductive Health – Research Analysis – Mirena – IUD

America’s population being controlled by numerous international pharmaceutical companies and private entities – Follow The LINKS

Mirena-IuD Business Standards and practices observation information:

Where are the documents for the clinical centers, doctors and women who participated in these clinical studies which proves the outcomes, facts, observations, and their adverse effects from their Mirena-Iud clinical study?

Approval for marketing these devices in the US follows in five to ten years

US apporved on December 6, 2000 under NDA 021225 International Standard devloped by European Union?

In 1993, the European Committee for Standardization (Comité Europeen de

Normalisation, CEN) published standard EN 540, a precursor of the international

standard ISO 14155. Like the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), CEN

is an international nonprofit organization providing a platform for cooperating, volunteer organizations to develop consensus standards. In 1996, ISO and CEN joined forces to create the first version of ISO 14155, which repeated EN 540 standards. Almost immediately, the two organizations formed parallel working groups (WGs) to expand the standard. WG4 of ISO’s TC (technical committee) 194 developed more elaborate general requirements in ISO 14155 part 1, while CEN’s WG elaborated part 2, requirements for the clinical investigation plan. In 2003, the organizations published both.

European Committee for Standardization (Comité Europeen de

Normalisation, CEN) published standard EN 540, a precursor of the international standard ISO 14155. – How can a international country pass a ISO standard for United States and get the U.S. Government and Japan to agree? (This deserves more scrutiny?)

Why would United States adopt a ISO standard put into place by a international non-profit organization?

When did the ISO organization of the United States partner with the CEN (Comité Europeen de Normalisation) a nonprofit organization?

Who are the members or leaders of these organizations whom are impacting the healthcare industry in the United State’s. Are they in America or located abroad?(SEE ABOVE PDF FOR ADDITIONAL DETAILS)

Implanon Pharmceutical History:

Norplant is a form of birth control developed by Sheldon J. Segal and Horatio B. Croxatto at the Population Council beginning in 1966, with the first clinical trial in Chile in 1974.It was first approved in Finland on November 23, 1983, where it was manufactured by Leiras Oy Pharmaceuticals.

Birth control typeHormonal
Progestogen implant
First use1983 (Finland)

Who are the members of this council? What do they have to do with the United States pharmaceutical industry? Why is there a international country supplying medical devices in the United State’s who is not listed as a healthcare distributor or provider in the United States? Is there a connection between European Committee for Standardization and the Population Council? Is the American Government aware of these organizations who are supplying U.S. Citizens with vital medical devices and drugs since 1966? Is Finland – Europe – Germany connected?

The original (six capsule) Norplant was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on December 10, 1990, and marketed in the United States in 1991 by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals. Norplant distribution in the United States ended in 2002; limited supplies still remained in the U.S. until 2004. Norplant was withdrawn from the UK market in 1999. Production of Norplant was discontinued globally in 2008.

Norplant II (Norplant-2, Jadelle), also developed by the Population Council and manufactured by Schering Oy, consists of two small (2.5mm × 43mm) silicone rods each containing 75 mg of levonorgestrel in a polymer matrix, instead of six capsules. It was approved May 31, 1996 by the FDA as being effective for three years; it was subsequently approved November 22, 2002 by the FDA as being effective for five years. Jadelle has not been marketed in the United States; Jadelle is the successor to the original Norplant in USAID’s contract beginning January 2007

Leiras Oy –

See Related Schering OY Information – BAYER AG – subsidiary?

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Mclloyed Business Portal –

Contradictory and questionable Schering OY Synopsis? March 01, 2014

Company Overview

Schering-Plough Oy operates as a subsidiary of Merck & Co. Inc.

Schering-Plough Oy: Private Company Information – …

Company Overview of Schering-Plough Oy

Schering-Plough Oy does not have any Key Executives recorded.

No transactions available in the past 12 months.

Bayer Schering Pharma Oy – Address: PO Box 415 Turku, FIN-20101 Finland


…2011/039418 was published on April 07. Title of the invention: “AN INTRAUTERINE SYSTEM.” Applicants:BAYER SCHERING PHARMA OY (FI). Inventors: Pirjo Sallinen (DE), Faisal Shafiq (DE), Wolfgang Kaufhold (DE), Christian Wamprecht…


US Fed News Service, Including US State News; October 22, 2010; 700+ words

…acquisition costs and thus purchased unapproved IUDs. All Mirena(R) IUDs are manufactured in Finland by Bayer Schering Pharma OY. However, only one version of the Mirena(R) IUD has been approved by the FDA for use in the U. S. To...

Bayer Healthcare – Bayer Pharma-Bayer Schering Pharma OY – Berlex Schering AG- Population Council – European committee?? – Europe

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Something is not adding up in this scenario? Very Interesting??

Publication No. WO/2010/058070 Published on May 27, Assigned to Bayer Schering Pharma for Intravaginal Delivery System, Manufacturing Process (Finnish Inventor)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; May 27, 2010; 373 words
…developed an intravaginal delivery system and process for manufacturing it. The patent has been assigned to Bayer Schering Pharma OY, Turku, Finland. According to an abstract posted by the World Intellectual Property Organization: “The…

Schering Oy –

Biotie Therapies Corp – 601 Gateway Blvd., Suite 1200 South San Francisco, California 94080 United States –

Company Description:Biotie’s strategic risks are predominantly related to the technical success of the drug development programs, regulatory issues, the strategic decisions of its… more

Industry:Pharmaceuticals Healthcare,Biotechnology!search/profile/company?companyId=350898623&targetid=profile

Biotie in brief – 24 September, 2013)

Biotie is a specialized drug development company focused primarily on products for neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. For the past years, Biotie has successfully operated a strategy built around search, profile and partner. This has delivered Selincro (nalmefene) for alcohol dependency, which received European marketing authorization in February 2013 and is currently being rolled out across Europe by partner H. Lundbeck A/S, and tozadenant, a novel A2a antagonist which is transitioning into Phase 3 development for Parkinson’s disease in collaboration with UCB Pharma S.A..

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Schering OY – Biotie – Merck – Bayer Schering OY – UCB Pharma S.A.

Biotie also has exclusive rights through an option to acquire Neurelis Inc., which includes NRL-1, an intranasal formulation of diazepam for epileptic seizure management. Biotie plans to seek further opportunities of this kind to generate a strong portfolio of products. Biotie’s shares are listed on NASDAQ OMX Helsinki?






SEE LISTING OF PATENTS HELD:;jsessionid=29E9276A8198DAEB61B5970090975A92





See more at:

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Patents Held



7,850,986 Delivery system Jul 05, 05Dec 14, 10[A61F] –

7,294,345 Otorhinological delivery device Jan 14, 04Nov 13, 07[A61F] –

7,252,839 Delivery system and a manufacturing process of a delivery system Sep 04, 03Aug 07, 07[A61K]

6,887,948 Method for preparing a siloxane-based elastomer composition Nov 18, 02May 03, 05[C08L]

6,887,948 Method for preparing a siloxane-based elastomer composition Nov 18, 02May 03, 05[C08L]

6,794,464 Membrane or matrix for controlling the permeation rate of drugs Nov 18, 02Sep 21, 04[C08L]

D497990 Implant inserter Sep 12, 03 Nov 02, 04[2402]

5,785,053 Inserter for the positioning of an intrauterine device Jun 02, 97Jul 28, 98[A61B, A61F]

5,400,804 Method and an equipment for installing a medicine capsule on a support Jul 20, 93Mar 28, 95[A61B, A61F] –

5,369,943 Equipment for providing a medicine rod with a shell Jul 20, 93Dec 06, 94[A61J]

Not Intended for U.S. and UK Media – Bayer Algetan acquisition is realized

24.02.2014 Not intended for U.S. and UK Media Bayer pidentää ostotarjoustaan Algetan osakkeista Bayer Schering Pharma Oy – Turku, Finland www.bionity.comHomeCompanies – Bayer is a global enterprise with core competencies in the fields of health care, nutrition and high-tech materials. Our products and services are designed to benefit … Schering Oy Products & Contact Information | …

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information




Charleston, South Carolina – Sample shipment record for Schering Oy

On March 13, 2006, Merck KGaAannounced a €14.6bn bid for Schering. Merck’s takeover bid was surpassed by Bayer‘s €16.5bnwhite-knightbid for Schering on March 23, 2006. In June 2006 Bayer finally bought the majority of shares, over 90%. A domination agreement using the code name “Step One” was used for the take-over. As a result of the take-over by Bayer, Schering AG merged with Bayer’s pharmaceutical sector to form Bayer Schering Pharma AG in December 2006.

On February 17, 2007 the company publicly announced that 1,000 jobs would be cut through voluntary redundancyfrom the Berlin operations with effect until March 2008. In 2011 the name Bayer Schering Pharma was changed into Bayer Healthcare, thus removing the last traces of Schering from the company formed in the merger in 2006 – Bayer – Merck

KgAA – Schering OY – Bayer Pharma OY – Bayer Healtcare -Bayer pharmaceutical – Bayer Shering AG – Bayer Schering AG Pharma

Schering AG

Successor(s)Bayer Schering Pharma AG
Key peopleHubertus Erlen, last CEO
ProductsGynaecolog & Andrology
Special therapeutics
Diagnostical devices & Nuclear medicine

Bayer Oy


For 60 years, the Population Council has changed the way the world thinks about important health and development issues. Explore an interactive timeline of the Council’s history, learn more about some of our key contributions, and watch a short video about why your support is so important to us.

Continue Reading – American’s has been watched for decades!

The Population Council is an international, nonprofit, non-governmental organization that seeks to improve the well-being and reproductive health of current and future generations around the world and to help achieve a humane, equitable, and sustainable balance between people and resources. The Council conducts biomedical, social science, and public health research and helps build research capacities in developing countries. Established in 1952, the Council is governed by an international board of trustees.

Headquartered in New York, the Population Council has 17 offices in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and does work in more than 45 countries. With an annual budget of $95.1 million [2009], it employs nearly 575 people from 32 countries with expertise in a wide array of scientific disciplines.

“Since John D. Rockefeller 3rd founded the Population Council in 1952, the world’s socioeconomic and demographic landscape has undergone profound and unprecedented changes, and the Council’s research agenda has evolved accordingly. HIV/AIDS, urbanization, adolescents, and poverty, gender and youth are just some of the topics that have been added to the Council’s longstanding work in biomedical research, contraceptive development, and improving access to high-quality reproductive health services.”

The Population Council Board of Trustees is comprised of leaders in the fields of biomedicine, business, economic development, health, the media, philanthropy, and social science.

Steve Weissman, “Why The Population Bomb Is a Rockefeller Baby“, in Ramparts, Eco-Catastrophe (1970), pp. 27-41.


The organization receives funding from the government as well as private foundations, corporations, multilateral organizations, and individuals.

  • “Funding Sources: US government (58%), foundations , corporations, other nongovernmental organizations, and individuals (13%), investment returns(17%), other governments (4%), multilateral organizations (2%), royalities (6%). Accepts contract research. Budget (2009): USD 95.1 million.

The financial support of our donors allows the Population Council to deliver solutions that help vulnerable people in developing countries live healthier, more productive lives. We are committed to spending our funds efficiently, investing 83 cents of every dollar directly into research and program activities.

The Population Council is a GuideStar Valued Partner, has earned an “A” rating from Charity Watch for its strong financial management, and has been awarded the “Best in America” seal from Independent Charities of America for meeting the “highest standards of public accountability, program effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness.” According to Charity Navigator, the Population Council “exceeds or meets industry standards and performs as well as or better than most charities in its Cause.”

The chart on this page provides details on the Council’s sources of support and use of funds.

How can this be the Best in America when the company was previously formed by international countries dating back in the early 1900’s? This area of governance of the “Population council needs more American Government critiquing, very disturbing!

7 September 1994: “Imperatives for the Future: Looking back, moving forward, Creating the Future we Want” by Margaret Catley-Carlson, President, Population Council at The International Conference on Population and Development, Plenary Session.

Uploaded on May 24, 2007

Drugs company Bayer realized their product had been contaminated with AIDS, so what did they do, they still sold it because they didn’t want to lose money, and when the US officials found out, they knew they couldn’t continue, so they sold it to the Europeans, with full knowledge of US officials.

Now another drugs company, Baxter got caught shipping vaccines with live bird-flu virus in them to 18 countries, and when caught out were calling it an ‘accident’ !!!:………

but look when this video was posted on you tube:…

And look what happened last year:………

Coincidence or are governments trying to reduce populations ?
Jonathon Porrit one of Gordon Brown’s leading Green advisers is saying the UK population must fall to 30million…
But this means 30+million must die !!! How ?:……

Be prepared people, pass this on……..
USAID Provides Population Council $65 Million for HIV/AIDS Operations Research] (10/15/2002).BAYER scandal – HIV Contaminated Drug – 1000’s contracted HIV –

Population Funding Sources

HIV/AIDS ‘Reproductive Health’

  • Antares Pharma and Population Council Announce Preliminary Positive Phase 2 Trial Results

First Transdermal Contraceptive ATD™ Gel Contains Nestorone®


In 1977, the Population Council reported on the health hazards smoking posed to women who were taking birth control pills. Despite this, in the early 1990s the Population Council sought funding from the Council for Tobacco Research, although many of their requests were turned down.

Population Council Staff & GeographicNew York, NY, Washington, DC, Latin America and the Caribbean, South and East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Asia and North Africa

Population Council Management & Trustee’s

Senior Management Accessed December 2009: Peter J. Donaldson –President Mar AguilarDirector, International Support Wendy BaldwinDirector, Poverty, Gender, and Youth ProgramSafaa El-KogaliRegional Director, Middle East and North AfricaJohn BongaartsVice President, Distinguished ScholarSaroj PachauriRegional Director, South and East Asia –Naomi Rutenberg– Vice President, HIV and AIDS Program – James E. Sailer– Vice President, Corporate Affairs DivisionJohn W. TownsendVice President, Reproductive Health ProgramPatricia C. VaughanGeneral Counsel and Secretary


Mark A. Walker-Chairman of the Board, Partner, Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton – Darcy Bradbury– The D.E. Shaw Group – Howard Cox Greylock PartnersPeter J. Donaldson – President, Population Council – Wafaa El-Sadr – [Mailman Sch of Public Health, Columbia Univ] New York, New York – Lynn A. Foster New York, New York Anna Glasier – [Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Univ of Edinburgh] – Edinburgh UK – Werner Holzer– Bad Homburg, Germany – Henry L. King– Senior Counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell – Charles D. Klein– Managing Director, American Securities Capital Partners, LLC – Anna Mastroianni– [Univ of Washington School of Law] – Seattle, WA – Cheikh Mbacke – [Independent Consultant] – Dakar, Senegal – Robert B. Millard– Partner, Realm Partners, LLC – Jotham Musinguz – Regional Director, Partners in Population & Development, Kampala, Uganda, Anne R. Pebley– [UCLA School of Public Health] – Los Angeles, CA

New York Headquarters
One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza (See Below)
New York, NY 10017
Telephone: (212) 339-0500
Fax: (212) 755-6052

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Dag Hammarskjold – New York Leadership – One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza

Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (1905-1961) “was the youngest of four sons of Agnes (Almquist) Hammarskjöld and Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, prime minister of Sweden, member of the Hague Tribunal, governor of Uppland, chairman of the Board of the Nobel Foundation

“His main intellectual and professional interest for some years, however, was political economy. He took a second degree at Uppsala in economics, in 1928, a law degree in 1930, and a doctoral degree in economics in 1934. For one year, 1933, Hammarskjöld taught economics at the University of Stockholm. But both his own desire and his heritage led him to enter public service to which he devoted thirty-one years in Swedish financial affairs, Swedish foreign relations, and global international affairs. His success in his first position, that of secretary from 1930 to 1934 to a governmental commission on unemployment, brought him to the attention of the directors of the Bank of Sweden who made him the Bank’s secretary in 1935. From 1936 to 1945, he held the post of undersecretary in the Ministry of Finance. From 1941 to 1948, thus overlapping the undersecretaryship by four years, he was placed at the head of the Bank of Sweden, the most influential financial structure in the country.

“Hammarskjöld has been credited with having coined the term “planned economy”. Along with his eldest brother, Bo, who was then undersecretary in the Ministry of Social Welfare, he drafted the legislation which opened the way to the creation of the present, so-called “welfare state. ” In the latter part of this period, he drew attention as an international financial negotiator for his part in the discussions with Great Britain on the postwar economic reconstruction of Europe, in his reshaping of the twelve-year-old United States-Swedish trade agreement, in his participation in the talks which organized the Marshall Plan, and in his leadership on the Executive Committee of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation.

Hammarskjöld’s connection with the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs began in 1946 when he became its financial adviser. In 1949 he was named to an official post in the Foreign Ministry and in 1951 became the deputy foreign minister, with cabinet rank, although he continued to remain aloof from membership in any political party…. Hammarskjöld represented Sweden as a delegate to the United Nationsi in 1949 and again from 1951 to 1953. Receiving fifty-seven votes out of sixty, Hammarskjöld was elected Secretary-General of the United Nations in 1953 for a five-year term and reelected in 1957…”

Additional References: Susan Williams,Who Killed Hammarskjöld?: The UN, the Cold War, and White Supremacy in Africa (London: Hurst & Co., 2012)

  • Henning Melber, “Dag Hammarskjöld, the United States and Africa,” in: Review of African Political Economy, 39 (2012) 131, p. 151-159.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Population and Development Review

December 2013, Vol. 39, No. 4 – THIS HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH UNITED STATES??

  • Cohort Replacement and Homeostasis in World Population, 1950–2100/ Francesco C. Billari. Gianpiero Dalla-Zuanna
  • Using a simple empirical approach, we analyze world and regional-level cohort replacement as determined by the key components of population dynamics, i.e. fertility, survival, and migration, for 1950–2010, using UN data. We define two kinds of homeostatic relationships among these components: fertility responses to mortality change (type I) and migration responses to changes in net reproduction (type II), and show that both can be observed to some degree in this period. We examine the extent of cohort replacement embodied in the medium-variant UN population projections over 2010–2100 and consider how the international migration assumptions made in such projections would be affected by a homeostatic perspective. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 563–585)
  • Family Policies and the Western European Fertility Divide: Insights from a Natural Experiment in Belgium/ Sebastian Klüsener, Karel Neels, Michaela Kreyenfeld

    Countries in Northwestern Europe, including Belgium, report cohort fertility levels of close to two children per woman; whereas Central European countries, such as Germany, have levels of around 1.6 children. In seeking to explain these differences, some scholars have stressed the role of the social policy context, while others have pointed to variation in fertility-related social norms. But because these influences are interdependent, it is difficult to isolate their effects on fertility trends. This study attempts to disentangle these two factors by drawing on a quasi-natural experiment. After World War I Germany was compelled to cede the Eupen–Malmedy territory to Belgium. The population of this region has retained its German linguistic identity, but has been subject to Belgian social policies. Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information We examine whether the fertility trends in this German-speaking region of Belgium follow the Belgian or the German pattern. Our findings indicate that they generally resemble the Belgian pattern. This suggests that institutional factors are important for understanding the current fertility differences in Western Europe. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 587–610) Geographic Divergence in Mortality in the United States/ Andrew Fenelon

    The United States trails other developed countries in adult mortality, a process that has become more pronounced over the past several decades. However, comparisons are complicated by substantial geographic variations in mortality within the United States. The second half of the twentieth century was characterized by a substantial divergence in adult mortality between the South and the rest of the United States. The article examines trends in US geographic variation in mortality between 1965 and 2004, in particular the aggregate divergence in mortality between the southern states and states with more favorable mortality experience. Relatively high smoking-attributable mortality in the South explains 50–100 percent of the divergence for men between 1965 and 1985 and up to 50 percent for women between 1985 and 2004. There is also a geographic correspondence between the contribution of smoking and other factors, suggesting that smoking may be one piece of a more complex health-related puzzle. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 611–634)
  • The Apparent Failure of Russia’s Pronatalist Family Policies/ Tomas Frejka, Sergei Zakharov
    Russia has a history of pronatalist policies dating back to the 1930s. Two sets of pronatalist measures were implemented during the past 40 years. The one designed in the early 1980s proved to be a clear failure. Instead of raising fertility, completed cohort fertility declined from 1.8 births per woman for the 1960 birth cohort to 1.6 for the 1968 cohort. The government of President Putin became concerned with the dire demographic conditions of high mortality and low fertility in Russia in the 1990s and early 2000s. A comprehensive set of pronatalist measures came into effect in January 2007. The period total fertility rate increased from 1.3 births per woman in 2006 to 1.6 in 2011, which the authorities view as an unqualified success. Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information An unbiased demographic evaluation as well as analysis of Russian experts reveals that apparently the measures mainly caused a lowering of the age at birth and shortening of birth intervals. It appears that any real fertility increase is questionable, i.e. cohort fertility is not likely to increase appreciably. The recent pronatalist measures are likely to turn out to be a failure. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 635–647) Inequalities in Healthy Life Expectancy in Eastern Europe Yuka Minagawa

    Compared to the large body of research on mortality differentials between East Central Europe and the former Soviet Union, little attention has been paid to how overall population health status differs between these two country groups. This article investigates disparities in population health, measured by healthy life expectancy (HLE) between ages 20 and 74, for 23 Eastern European countries in 2008. There are substantial disparities in partial HLE between East Central Europe and the former Soviet Union, amounting to differences of 10 years on average for men and women. In addition, factors reflecting the malfunction of existing social structure are inversely associated with partial HLE. Accordingly, populations in countries where corruption, restriction of freedom, and violence are prevalent spend fewer years in good health. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 649–671) The Characteristics Approach to the Measurement of Population Aging/ Warren C. Sanderson, Sergei Scherbov

    Conventional measures of population aging, such as proportions over age 65, can present a misleading picture of the aging process by not taking account of changes in people’s characteristics beyond their chronological age—for example, changes in remaining life expectancy, health and morbidity, disability rates, and cognitive functioning. The “characteristics approach” set out in this article encompasses multiple features of population aging, yielding new measures that can better inform both demographic analysis and public policy debate. We relate the brief history of this approach, examine its basic mathematical structure, and give empirical examples of the insights it offers, drawing on data from West Germany, Japan, Russia, and the United States. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 673–685) Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information The Effects of Population on the Depletion of Fresh Water/ Robert J. Wyman
    The most immediate environmental problem in major regions of the world is probably the scarcity of fresh water for agriculture. Insufficiency and irregularity of rainfall require the use of stored water. Both major compartments for fresh water storage—glaciers and groundwater—are being depleted rapidly and at similar rates. Drawdown of groundwater is primarily the result of irrigation required to supply the food needs of large populations. Glacier melt is an effect of global warming chiefly caused by high levels of industrial production and transport. However, an important fraction of glacier melt is caused by food chain emissions (agricultural greenhouse gases and black carbon or cooking soot). In toto, the loss of water resulting from food and agriculture may be significantly greater than that resulting from industrial production and transport, the factors more commonly cited. This suggests that the role of population, closely linked to food and agriculture, is central to the depletion of fresh water. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 687–704)


  • Destutt de Tracy on Liberty, Equality, and Population Increase
    Writers on the incipient demographic transition witnessed in the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries made much of the supposed effect of the spread of democratic values and weakening of rigid class divisions. Greater security of property and widened opportunities for advancement yielded improved survivorship and gave parents new reason to limit their childbearing.
  • A century earlier, a somewhat similar argument was propounded by the French Enlightenment writer Antoine Louis Claude Destutt de Tracy (1754–1836), in a work written in about 1807, during a stay in America. The work was a commentary on Montesquieu’s De l’esprit des lois [The Spirit of Laws] (1748). Tracy’s commentary was organized in the same chapter order as Montesquieu’s but was anything but slavish approbation. His object, he said, was to reflect on each of Montesquieu’s topics but “to form my own opinions.” Book XXIII of Montesquieu was titled “Of laws in the relation they bear to the number of inhabitants” and was concerned mostly with the experience of classical Greece and Rome. Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information (Excerpts were printed in the Archives section of PDR 17, no. 4.) In contrast, Tracy was interested not in legislation but in the broader societal factors governing population growth, and in the conditions of his own time. Tracy sought first to explain the remarkable pace of natural increase then prevailing in America. In Europe, high child mortality among the poorer classes was an outcome of the extreme inequality of the Ancien Régime. With labor properly recompensed and societies “untrammelled by absurd institutions or establishments,” rapid population increase like that of the United States could ensue.
  • The factors favoring growth were “sufficient subsistence, liberty, equality, and liberal information.” But the increase was only for a time; it would be limited, well short of any ultimate failure of subsistence, by “all the knowledge, all the resources, and all the succors by which we may preserve ourselves against the miseries and misfortunes which our nature is liable to.” Individual happiness—“the true end of society”—might call for such restraint, but on the part of citizens, not governments. He ends with a caustic remark on “barbarous legislators” and their supportive moralists who approve of capital punishment while criminalizing prudential measures to prevent unwanted births. Destutt de Tracy admired American republicanism and in turn was held in high esteem by many in the United States—notably by Thomas Jefferson, who translated 706 Archives and arranged for publication of the Commentary. (How Jefferson, a slaveholder, might have read Tracy’s flat assertion in it that “no animated being once born, and capable of enjoyment and suffering, is, or ought to be, the property of any one” is intriguing to contemplate.) Tracy was a prominent figure in post-revolutionary France, having narrowly survived the Reign of Terror, and became a senator under Napoleon I. His major work is Élémens d’idéologie (1801–15), the final volume of which was translated (also by Jefferson) as A Treatise on Political Economy. The text below is from A Commentary and Review of Montesquieu’s Spirit of Laws; transl. Thomas Jefferson (Philadelphia: Duane, 1811), Book XXIII, pp. 245–251. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 705–709)

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Book Reviews

(Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 711–721)

  • What to Expect When No One’s Expecting: America’s Coming Demographic Disaster /Jonathan V. Last
    Reviewed by David Coleman
  • The Rise of Women: The Growing Gender Gap in Education and What It Means for American Schools /Thomas A. DiPrete and Claudia Buchmann
    Reviewed by Barbara Schneider
  • The Great Escape: Health, Wealth, and the Origins of Inequality / Angus Deaton
    Reviewed by William McGreevey

Short Reviews(Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 722–726)

  • Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations in Europe: First Results from SHARE after the Economic Crisis/ Axel Börsch-Supan, Martina Brandt, Howard Litwin, and Guglielmo Weber (eds.)
  • Fertility, Education, Growth, and Sustainability/ David de la Croix


  • UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Intergenerational Equity The UN Secretary-General is required by reason of the office to pronounce on many and diverse issues. One such matter, taken up recently in response to a request from the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), is the nature and basis of our obligations to future generations. This is the subject of a report by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, “Intergenerational Solidarity and the Needs of Future Generations,” prepared for the High-Level Political Forum on sustainable development and issued in August 2013.

  • At the core of the intellectual challenges raised by this subject, as the Secretary-General notes, is the inescapable fact that those yet to be born do not exist. If, not existing, they hold no rights, where is our duty to them? Proponents of a rights-based approach to sustainability have not been idle in searching for a moral foundation, but have been forced to search in legal domains far afield. Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information Naive appeals to an inter-generational covenant fail because a covenant is a contract, and, as Ban writes, there can be no contract if one of the parties does not exist. A chain of covenants would break down because Generation X cannot force Generation X+N to enter into a contract with Generation X+N+1.
  • Others have turned to the idea of trusteeship: that we in the present hold (and must manage) the earth in the beneficial interest of future generations. Even if this is so, and glossing over assorted technical problems of how a valid trust is declared, the beneficial interest should accrue to us as well as to our children and more remote descendants. The essential problem, as the report makes clear and as emerges every day in the climate change debate, is how to reconcile pursuing economic growth and poverty reduction today and preserving natural capital for the future.

    Where law fails to deliver justice, economics or considerations of equity, or likely both, are bound to rush in. Economists have turned to Government as a perpetual agent that can form the bridge between generations—and for sustainability at the global level, as some hope (and others fear), even World Government. But however good the scientific information available (and the report urges that we produce more of it), any government will in the end have to confront the matter of equity—“a roguish thing,” as the jurist John Selden famously put it in the seventeenth century. What is judged equitable by one observer may be judged inequitable by another.

    Whatever problems moral philosophers may have had, Ban points out, the common man almost universally believes that we in the present have some responsibility for those in the future. Our concerns, however, are attenuated with time: we care more about our grandchildren than our great-grandchildren, and so on. And the complications mount up: the world those descendants will occupy will differ vastly from our own, especially with regard to technology, and the degree and nature of that difference will partly depend on the decisions we make now. The report notes the sustainability between natural and man-made capital, as well as the limits on sustainability dictated by irreversibilities and discontinuities.

    Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information In the end, Ban would rely on a mix of the precautionary principle and “win-win” policies (as between present and future generations), supplemented by plenty of education and scientific research. If this sounds like a bland nostrum, it is because this even-tempered and intelligent assessment holds out little hope for easy fixes to what is a conjoined problem of individual conscience and global collective choice. The excerpt below comprises paragraphs 10–28 of the report, which is UN General Assembly document A/68/322. (Population and Development Review 2013; 39[4]: 727–731)

America population is being control by pharmaceutical industry who is monitoring women’s fertility!

Population Council
Population Council logo.png
Purpose/focusReproductive health
HeadquartersNew York City, USA
FounderJohn D. Rockefeller III
Budget$74 million

The Population Council is an international, nonprofit,non-governmental organization. The Council conducts biomedical, social science, and public health research and helps build research capacities in developing countries

Established in 1952 by John D. Rockefeller III, with important funding from the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the Council is governed by an international board of trustees. The 2006 board includes leaders in biomedicine, business, economic development, government, health, international finance, the media, philanthropy, and social science.

Headquartered in New York, the Population Council has 18 offices in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and does work in more than 60 countries. With an annual budget of around $74 million, it employs more than 500 people from 33 countries with expertise in a wide array of scientific disciplines. Roughly 55 percent are based outside the United States.

The Council has its roots in the discredited eugenics movement. The first president of the Council was a eugenicist appointed by Rockefeller; Frederick Osborn, author of Preface to Eugenics(New York, 1940), leader of the American Eugenics Society, and one of the founding members of the Pioneer Fund. Osborn was vice president or president of the Population Council until 1959. In 1968 he wrote, “Eugenic goals are most likely to be achieved under another name than eugenics *Further Below Details

One-third of its research relates to HIV and ;AIDS its other major program areas are reproductive health and poverty, youth, and gender. It held the license for Norplant contraceptive implant, and now holds the license for Mirena intrauterine system. The Population Council also publishes the journals Population and Development Review, which reports scientific research on the interrelationships between population and socioeconomic development and provides a forum for discussion of related issues of public policy, and Studies in Family Planning, which focuses on public health, social science, and biomedical research on sexual and reproductive health, fertility, and family planning.

Definition of Eugenics/jˈɛnɪks/; from Greek eu, meaning “good/well”, and -genēs, meaning “born”) is the belief and practice of improving the genetic quality of the human population. It is a social philosophy advocating the improvement of human genetic traits through the promotion of higher reproduction of people with desired traits (positive eugenics), and reduced reproduction of people with less-desired or undesired traits (negative eugenics).

More on Eugenics Theory – Very Disturbing

Eugenics, as a modern concept, was originally developed by Francis Galton. It has roots in France, Germany, Great Britain and the United States in the 1860s-1870sAmerican William Goodell (lived from 1829 to 1894) advocated castration and spaying of the insane. Mortality rates from “Battey’s operation”, the surgical removal of healthy ovaries, was as high as one in five deaths at the time, but the surgery kept being performed

Francis Galton had read his half-cousin Charles Darwin‘s theory of evolution, which sought to explain the development of plant and animal species, and desired to apply it to humans. Galton believed that desirable traits were hereditary based on biographical studies. In 1883, one year after Darwin’s death, Galton gave his research a name: “Eugenics”.

Throughout its recent history, eugenics has remained a controversial concept. As a social movement, eugenics reached its greatest popularity in the early decades of the 20th century. At this point in time, eugenics was practiced around the world and was promoted by governments, and influential individuals and institutions. Many countries enacted various eugenics policies and programmes, including: genetic screening,birth control, promoting differential birth rates, marriage restrictions, segregation (both racial segregation and segregation of the mentally ill from the rest of the population), compulsory sterilization, forced abortions or forced pregnancies, and genocide. Most of these policies were later regarded as coercive or restrictive, and now few jurisdictions implement policies that are explicitly labeled as eugenic or unequivocally eugenic in substance. Very Disturbing Facts Below!

The methods of implementing eugenics varied by country; however, some of the early 20th century methods involved identifying and classifying individuals and their families, including the poor, mentally ill, blind, deaf, developmentally disabled, promiscuous women, homosexuals, and racial groups (such as the Romaand Jews in Nazi Germany) as “degenerate” or “unfit”, the segregation or institutionalization of such individuals and groups, their sterilization, euthanasia, and their mass murder. The practice of euthanasia was carried out on hospital patients in the Aktion T4 centers such as Hartheim Castle.

Eugenics became an academic discipline at many colleges and universities, and received funding from many sources. Three International Eugenics Conferences presented a global venue for eugenists with meetings in 1912 in London, and in 1921 and 1932 in New York. Eugenic policies were first implemented in the early 1900s in the United States.

Later, in the 1920s and 30s, the eugenic policy of sterilizing certain mental patients was implemented in other countries, including Belgium, Brazil, Canada, and Sweden. The scientific reputation of eugenics started to decline in the 1930s, a time when Ernst Rüdin used eugenics as a justification for the racial policies of Nazi Germany. Nevertheless, in Sweden the eugenics program continued until 1975.

In addition to being practiced in a number of countries, eugenics was internationally organized through the International Federation of Eugenic Organizations. Its scientific aspects were carried on through research bodies such as the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics, the Cold Spring Harbour Carnegie Institution for Experimental Evolution, and the Eugenics Record Office.

Its political aspects involved advocating laws allowing the pursuit of eugenic objectives, such as sterilization laws. Its moral aspects included rejection of the doctrine that all human beings are born equal, and redefining morality purely in terms of genetic fitness. Its racist elements included pursuit of a pure “Nordic race” or “Aryan” genetic pool and the eventual elimination of “less fit” races

By the end of World War II, eugenics by means of coerced sexual sterilization had been largely abandoned, having become associated with Nazi Germany; their approach to genetics and eugenics was focused on Eugen Fischer‘s concept of phenogenetics and the Nazi twin study methods of Fischer and Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer.

Both the public and some of the scientific community have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced “racial hygiene“, human experimentation, and the extermination of “undesired” population groups. However, developments in genetic, genomic, and reproductive technologies at the end of the 20th century are raising for some people numerous new questions regarding the ethical status of eugenics, effectively creating a resurgence of interest in the subject.

Today, eugenics is regarded by some as a brutal movement which inflicted human rights violations on millions. Some practices engaged in the name of eugenics, such as attacks on reputation and violations of privacy, reproductive rights, the right to life, the right to found a family, and the right to freedom from discrimination, are today classified as violations of human rights.

The practice of negative racial aspects of eugenics, after World War II, fell within the definition of the new international crime of genocide, set out in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Beginning in the 1980s, the history and concept of eugenics were widely discussed as knowledge about genetics advanced significantly, making practical genetic engineering, which has been widely used to produce genetically modified organisms, with genetically modified foods being most visible to the general public. Endeavors such as the Human Genome Project made the effective modification of the human species seem possible again (as did Darwin’s initial theory of evolution in the 1860s, along with the rediscovery of Mendel’s laws in the early 20th century). The difference at the beginning of the 21st century was the guarded attitude towards eugenics, which had become a watchword to be feared rather than embraced. Article 23 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities prohibits compulsory sterilization of disabled individuals and guarantees their right to adopt children.

A few scientific researchers such as psychologist Richard Lynn, psychologist Raymond Cattell, and scientist Gregory Stock have openly called for eugenic policies using modern technology, but they represent a minority opinion in current scientific and cultural circles. One attempted implementation of a form of eugenics was a “genius sperm bank” (1980–99) created by Robert Klark Graham, from which nearly 230 children were conceived (the best-known donors were Nobel Prize winners William Shockley and J.D.Watson). After Graham passed away in 1997 funding ran out, and within two years his sperm bank had closed. In the U.S. and Europe, though, these attempts have frequently been criticized as in the same spirit of classist and racist forms of eugenics of the 1930. – Link follow trail

Because of its association with compulsory sterilization and the racial ideals of the Nazi Party, the word eugenics is rarely used by the advocates of such programs.

The Bell Curve argued that immigration from countries with low national IQ is undesirable. According to Raymond Cattell, “when a country is opening its doors to immigration from diverse countries, it is like a farmer who buys his seeds from different sources by the sack, with sacks of different average quality of contents

Supporting Countries of Eugenics Theory:


The Chinese Maternal and Infant Health Care Law (1994), which has been referred to as the “Eugenic Law” in the West, required a health check prior to marriage. Carriers of certain genetic diseases were allowed to marry only if they are sterilized, or agree to use some other form of long-term contraception. Much Western comment on the law has been critical, but many Chinese geneticists are supportive of the policy.

In the Chinese province of Sichuan in 1999, a sperm bank called Notables’ Sperm Bank, opened, with professors as the only permitted donors. The semen bank was approved by the authority for family planning in the provincial capital Chengdu.


Despite the unambiguous wording of the law, the law was used by local authorities as justification for measures enforcing forced sterilization and abortions upon people with certain genetic disorders, as well as leprosy, as well as an excuse for legalized discrimination against people with physical and mental handicaps.

Supporting Countries of Eugenics Theory:


In Russia, one supporter of preventive eugenics is the president of the Independent Psychiatric Association of Russia Yuri Savenko, who justifies forced sterilization of women, which is practiced in Moscow psychoneurological nursing homes. He states that “one needs a more strictly adjusted and open control for the practice of preventive eugenics, which, in itself, is, in its turn, justifiable.

In 1993, the health minister of the Russian Federation issued the order that determined the procedure of Forced abortion and sterilization of disabled women and the need for court decision to perform them. The order was repealed by the head of Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation Tatyana Golikova in 2009. Therefore, now women can be subjected to compulsory sterilization without court decision, according to the Perm Krai ombudswoman Tatyana Margolina. In 2008, Tatyana Margolina reported that 14 women with disabilities were subjected to compulsory medical sterilization in Ozyorskiy psychoneurological nursing home whose director was Grigori Bannikov

United States

John D. Rockefeller – Head American Eugenics Leader

Mississippi and Montana require a blood test prior to marriage. While these tests are typically restricted to the detection of the sexually transmitted disease syphilis (which was the most common STD at the time these laws were enacted), some partners will voluntarily test for other diseases and genetic incompatibilities. Harris polls in 1986 and 1992 recorded majority public support for limited forms of germ-line intervention, especially to prevent “children inheriting usually fatal genetic disease”This portion fails to mention the theory of population control by fertility utilizing pharmaceutical corporations!

Israel – Eugenics

Dor Yeshorim, a program which seeks to reduce the incidence of Tay-Sachs disease, cystic fibrosis, Canavan disease, Fanconi anemia, familial dysautonomia, glycogen storage disease, Bloom’s Syndrome Gaucher disease, Niemann-Pick disease, and mucolipidosis IVamong certain Jewish communities, is another screening program which has drawn comparisons with liberal eugenics.

If both the young man and woman are Tay-Sachs carriers, it is common for the match to be broken off. Judaism, like numerous other religions, discourages abortion unless there is a risk to the woman, in which case her needs take precedence. The effort is not aimed at eradicating the hereditary traits, but rather at the occurrence of homozygosity. The actual impact of this program on allele frequencies is unknown, but little impact would be expected because the program does not impose genetic selection. Instead, it encourages disassortative mating.

More Eugenicis Historical Information

Pre-Galtonian philosophies – Adolf Hitler considered Sparta to be the first “Völkisch State”, and much like Ernst Haeckel before him, praised Sparta for its selective infanticide policy, though the Nazis believed the children were killed outright and not exposed.

The Twelve Tables of Roman Law, established early in the formation of the Roman Republic, stated in the fourth table that deformed children must be put to death. In addition, patriarchs in Roman society were given the right to “discard” infants at their discretion.

This was often done by drowning undesired newborns in the Tiber River. Commenting on the Roman practice of eugenics, the philosopher Seneca wrote that: “We put down mad dogs; we kill the wild, untamed ox; we use the knife on sick sheep to stop their infecting the flock; we destroy abnormal offspring at birth; children, too, if they are born weak or deformed, we drown. Yet this is not the work of anger, but of reason – to separate the sound from the worthless. The practice of open infanticide in the Roman Empire did not subside until its Christianization.

Charles Davenport

A scientist from the United States, stands out as one of history’s leading eugenicists. He took eugenics from a scientific idea to a worldwide movement implemented in many countries. Davenport obtained funding to establish the Biological Experiment Station at Cold Spring Harbor in 1904 and the Eugenics Records Office in 1910, which provided the scientific basis for later Eugenic policies such as enforced sterilization.

He became the first President of the international Federation of Eugenics Organizations (IFEO) in 1925, an organization he was instrumental in building. While Davenport was located at Cold Spring Harbor and received money from the Carnegie Institute of Washington, the organization known as the Eugenics Record Office (ERO) started to become an embarrassment after the well-known debates between Davenport and Franz Boas. Instead, Davenport occupied the same office and the same address at Cold Spring Harbor, but his organization now became known as the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories, which currently retains the archives of the Eugenics Record Office. However, Davenport’s racist views were not supported by all geneticists at Cold Spring Harbor, including H. J. Muller, Bentley Glass, and Esther Lederberg.

In 1932 Davenport welcomed Ernst Rüdin, a prominent Swiss eugenicist and race scientist, as his successor in the position of President of the IFEO. Rüdin, director of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Institute for Psychiatry, located in Munich), a Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, was a co-founder (with his brother-in-law Alfred Ploetz) of the German Society for the Racial Hygiene. Other prominent figures in Eugenics who were associated with Davenport included Harry Laughlin(United States), Havelock Ellis (United Kingdom), Irving Fischer (United States), Eugen Fischer (Germany), Madison Grant (United States), Lucien Howe (United States), and Margaret Sanger (United States, founder of Planned Parenthood).

These are violations against human right’s – How can you just inhiliate a entire population, due to there high IQ or low IQ status quo or family gene make up? This is an monstrocity to every human being on earth, mostly women who bear children and are losing them, due to the fact someone in a elite location of the world feels your child or children will not be considered a product part of society? Is this fair to human beings isn’t living a human choice?

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

United Kingdom – Eugenics Theory cont’d

In the United Kingdom, eugenics never received significant state funding, but it was supported by many prominent figures of different political persuasions before World War I, including: Liberal economists William Beveridge and John Maynard Keynes; Fabian socialists such as Irish author George Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells and Sidney Webb; and Conservativessuch as the future Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Arthur Balfour. The influential economist John Maynard Keynes was a prominent supporter of Eugenics, serving as Director of the British Eugenics Society, and writing that eugenics is “the most important, significant and, I would add, genuine branch of sociology which exists”.

The 1913 Mental Deficiency Act proposed the mass segregation of the “feeble minded” from the rest of society. Sterilization programs were never legalized, although some were carried out in private upon the mentally ill by clinicians who were in favor of a more widespread eugenics plan. Indeed, those in support of eugenics shifted their lobbying of Parliament from enforced to voluntary sterilization, in the hope of achieving more legal recognition. But leave for the Labour Party Member of Parliament Major A. G. Church, to propose a Private Member’s Bill in 1931, which would legalize the operation for voluntary sterilization, was rejected by 167 votes to The limited popularity of eugenics in the UK was reflected by the fact that only two universities established courses in this field (University College London and Liverpool University). The Galton Institute, affiliated to UCL, was headed by Galton’s protégé, Karl Pearson.

United States (Read Carefully) One of the earliest modern advocates of eugenics (before it was labeled as such) was Alexander Graham Bell. In 1881 Bell investigated the rate of deafness on Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts. From this he concluded that deafness was hereditary in nature and, through noting that congenitally deaf parents were more likely to produce deaf children, tentatively suggested that couples where both were deaf should not marry, in his lecture Memoir upon the formation of a deaf variety of the human race presented to the National Academy of Sciences on 13 November 1883. However, it was his hobby of livestock breeding which led to his appointment to biologist David Starr Jordan‘s Committee on Eugenics, under the auspices of the American Breeders Association. The committee unequivocally extended the principle to man . (Human beings are considered livestock?)

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

United States – Eugenics Theory Cont’d – Read Carefully

Another scientist considered the “father of the American eugenics movement” was Charles Benedict Davenport. In 1904 he secured funding for the The Station for Experimental Evolution, later renamed the Carnegie Department of Genetics. It was also around that time that Davenport became actively involved with the American Breeders’ Association (ABA).

This led to Davenport’s first eugenics text, “The science of human improvement by better breeding”, one of the first papers to connect agriculture and human heredity. Davenport later went on to set up a Eugenics Record Office (ERO), collecting hundreds of thousands of medical histories from Americans, which many considered having a racist and anti- immigration agenda. Davenport and his views were supported at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory as late as 1963, when his views began to be de-emphasized (racism was no longer popular).

As the science continued in the 20th century, researchers interested in familial mental disorders conducted a number of studies to document the heritability of such illnesses as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression. Their findings were used by the eugenics movement as proof for its cause. State laws were written in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to prohibit marriage and force sterilization of the mentally ill in order to prevent the “passing on” of mental illness to the next generation. These laws were upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1927 and were not abolished until the mid-20th century. All in all, 60,000 Americans were sterilized.

Wikisource has original text related to this article: 1907 Indiana Eugenics Law View below addtional Eugenics Links

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

United States – Eugenics Theory Cont’d – Read Carefully

In 1907 Indiana became the first of more than thirty states to adopt legislation aimed at compulsory sterilization of certain individuals. Although the law was overturned by the Indiana Supreme Courti n 1921, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a Virginia law allowing for the compulsory sterilization of patients of state mental institutions in 1927.

Beginning with Connecticut in 1896, many states enacted marriage laws with eugenic criteria, prohibiting anyone who was “epileptic, imbecile or feeble-minded” from marrying. In 1898 Charles B. Davenport, a prominent American biologist, began as director of a biological research station based in Cold Spring Harbor where he experimented with evolution in plants and animals. In 1904 Davenport received funds from the Carnegie Institution to found the Station for Experimental Evolution. The Eugenics Record Office (ERO) opened in 1910 while Davenport and Harry H. Laughlin began to promote eugenics.

The Immigration Restriction League (founded in 1894) was the first American entity associated officially with eugenics. The League sought to bar what it considered dysgenic members of certain races from entering America and diluting what it saw as the superior American racial stock through procreation. They lobbied for a literacy test for immigrants, based on the belief that literacy rates were low among “inferior races”. Literacy test bills were vetoed by Presidents in 1897, 1913 and 1915; eventually, President Wilson’s second veto was overruled by Congress in 1917.

Membership in the League included: A. Lawrence Lowell, president of Harvard, William DeWitt Hyde, president of Bowdoin College, James T. Young, director of Wharton School and David Starr Jordan, president of Stanford University. The League allied themselves with the American Breeder’s Association to gain influence and further its goals and in 1909 established a eugenics committee chaired by David Starr Jordan with members Charles Davenport, Alexander Graham Bell, Vernon Kellogg, Luther Burbank, William Earnest Castle, Adolf Meyer, H. J. Webber and Friedrich Woods.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

United States – Eugenics Theory Cont’d – Read Carefully

The ABA’s immigration legislation committee, formed in 1911 and headed by League’s founder Prescott F. Hall, formalized the committee’s already strong relationship with the Immigration Restriction League.

In years to come, the ERO collected a mass of family pedigrees and concluded that those who were unfit came from economically and socially poor backgrounds. Eugenicists such as Davenport, the psychologist Henry H. Goddard and the conservationist Madison Grant (all well respected in their time) began to lobby for various solutions to the problem of the “unfit”. (Davenport favored immigration restriction and sterilization as primary methods; Goddard favored segregation in his The Kallikak Family; Grant favored all of the above and more, even entertaining the idea of extermination.) Though their methodology and research methods are now understood as highly flawed, at the time this was seen as legitimate scientific research. It did, however, have scientific detractors (notably,Thomas Hunt Morgan, one of the few Mendelians to explicitly criticize eugenics), though most of these focused more on what they considered the crude methodology of eugenicists, and the characterization of almost every human characteristic as being hereditary, rather than the idea of eugenics itself.

Some states sterilized “imbeciles” for much of the 20th century. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the 1927 Buck v. Bell case that the state of Virginia could sterilize those it thought unfit. The most significant era of eugenic sterilization was between 1907 and 1963, when over 64,000 individuals were forcibly sterilized under eugenic legislation in the United States. A favorable report on the results of sterilization in California, the state with the most sterilizations by far, was published in book form by the biologist Paul Popenoe and was widely cited by the Nazi government as evidence that wide-reaching sterilization programs were feasible and humane.

Such legislation was passed in the U.S. because of widespread public acceptance of the eugenics movement, spearheaded by efforts of progressive reformers? (Why are these reformers killing humans? (Do they have the right to take or control a human life?)

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

United States – Eugenics Theory Cont’d – Read Carefully

Over 19 million people attended the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, open for 10 months from February 20 to December 4, 1915. The PPIE was a fair devoted to extolling the virtues of a rapidly progressing nation, featuring new developments in science, agriculture, manufacturing and technology. A subject that received a large amount of time and space was that of the developments concerning health and disease, particularly the areas of tropical medicine and race betterment (tropical medicine being the combined study of bacteriology, parasitology and entomology while racial betterment being the promotion of eugenic studies). Having these areas so closely intertwined, it seemed that they were both categorized in the main theme of the fair, the advancement of civilization. Thus in the public eye, the seemingly contradictory areas of study were both represented under progressive banners of improvement and were made to seem like plausible courses of action to better American society.

The state of California was at the vanguard of the American eugenics movement, performing about 20,000 sterilizations or one third of the 60,000 nationwide from 1909 up until the 1960s. By 1910, there was a large and dynamic network of scientists, reformers and professionals engaged in national eugenics projects and actively promoting eugenic legislation. The American Breeder’s Association was the first eugenic body in the U.S., established in 1906 under the direction of biologist Charles B. Davenport. The ABA was formed specifically to “investigate and report on heredity in the human race, and emphasize the value of superior blood and the menace to society of inferior blood”. Membership included Alexander Graham Bell, Stanford president David Starr Jordan and Luther Burbank.

When Nazi administrators went on trial for war crimes in Nuremberg after World War II, they justified the mass sterilizations (over 450,000 in less than a decade) by citing the United States as their inspiration. The Nazis had claimed American eugenicists inspired and supported Hitler’s racial purification laws, and failed to understand the connection between those policies and the eventual genocide of the Holocaust. (Is this why German Pharmaceutical companies are now the top Pharmaceutical, Biotech and Agricultural giants in America?)

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

United States – Eugenics Theory Cont’d – Read Carefully

pedigree chart from The Kallikak Family shows how one illicit tryst could lead to an entire generation of imbeciles? (How do you decipher a human imbecile?) The idea of “genius” and “talent” is also considered by William Graham Sumner, a founder of the American Sociological Society (now called the American Sociological Association). He maintained that if the government did not meddle with the social policy of laissez-faire, a class of genius would rise to the top of the system of social stratification, followed by a class of talent.

Most of the rest of society would fit into the class of mediocrity. Those who were considered to be defective (mentally retarded, handicapped, etc.) had a negative effect on social progress by draining off necessary resources. They should be left on their own to sink or swim. But those in the class of delinquent (criminals, deviants, etc.) should be eliminated from society (“Folkways”, 1907). (Compare to ideals in Plato‘s Republic.)

However, methods of eugenics were applied to reformulate more restrictive definitions of white racial purity in existing state laws banning interracial marriage: the so-called anti-miscegenation laws. The most famous example of the influence of eugenics and its emphasis on strict racial segregation on such “anti-miscegenation” legislation was Virginia’s Racial Integrity Act of 1924. The U.S. Supreme Court overturned this law in 1967 in Loving v. Virginia, and declared anti-miscegenation laws unconstitutional.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

United States – Eugenics Theory Cont’d – Read Carefully

With the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924, eugenicists for the first time played an important role in the Congressional debate as expert advisers on the threat of “inferior stock” from eastern and southern Europe. This reduced the number of immigrants from abroad to 15 percent from previous years, to control the number of “unfit individuals entering the country. While eugenicists did support the act, the most important backers were union leaders like Samuel Gompers The new act, inspired by the eugenic belief in the racial superiority of “old stock” white Americans as members of the “Nordic race” (a form of white supremacy), strengthened the position of existing laws prohibiting race-mixing. Eugenic considerations also lay behind the adoption of incest laws in much of the U.S. and were used to justify many anti-miscegenation laws.

Stephen Jay Gould asserted that restrictions on immigration passed in the United States during the 1920s (and overhauled in 1965 with the Immigration and Nationality Act) were motivated by the goals of eugenics.

During the early 20th century, the United States and Canada began to receive far higher numbers of Southern and Eastern European immigrants. Influential eugenicists like Lothrop Stoddard and Harry Laughlin (who was appointed as an expert witness for the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization in 1920) presented arguments they would pollute the national gene pool if their numbers went unrestricted. It has been argued that this stirred both Canada and the United States into passing laws creating a hierarchy of nationalities, rating them from the most desirable Anglo-Saxon and Nordic peoples to the Chinese and Japanese immigrants, who were almost completely banned from entering the country.

However, several people, in particular Franz Samelson, Mark Snyderman and Richard Herrnstein, have argued, based on their examination of the records of the congressional debates over immigration policy, Congress gave virtually no consideration to these factors. According to these authors, the restrictions were motivated primarily by a desire to maintain the country’s cultural integrity against the heavy influx of foreigners.

In the USA, eugenic supporters included Theodore Roosevelt, Research was funded by distinguished philanthropies and carried out at prestigious universities.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

United States – Eugenics Theory Cont’d – Read Carefully

It was taught in college and high school classrooms. Margaret Sanger founded Planned Parenthood of America to urge the legalization of contraception or poor, immigrant women. In its time eugenics was touted by some as scientific and progressive, the natural application of knowledge about breeding to the arena of human life. Before the realization of death camps in World War II, the idea that eugenics would lead to genocide was not taken seriously by the average American.

These horrific actions are crime against humanity and unconstitutional, No other human being has the right to control or take another human beings life, all humans have the right to Life! Why do these reformers feel the need to control the human population? Who commanded these groups to do this? Why is it their personal concern? How does the human population affect their families, political agenda’s, countries, businesses, or corporation’s?Why are these reformers concerned with womens reproductive health? Why are these groups attacking the disabled, and feel the need to sterilize the poor ? Do these groups realize America and many other countries are now diverse? Are these groups using eugenics methods through the pharmaceutical, food and economic resources to control the American and World population?

Rockefeller Foundation in Brazil – In the first decades of the twentieth century, the work of the Rockefeller Foundation was decisive for the implementation of public health initiatives in Brazil, especially in the so-called public health movement. At that time, Brazilian eugenics was the same as public health, as expressed in the maxim “to sanitize is to eugenize”.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Eugenics Theory Cont’d


In Canada, the eugenics movement gained support early in the 20th century as prominent physicians drew a direct link between heredity and public health. Eugenics was enforced by law in two Canadian provinces. In Alberta, the Sexual Sterilization Act was enacted in 1928, focusing the movement on the sterilization of mentally deficient individuals, as determined by the Alberta Eugenics Board. The campaign to enforce this action was backed by groups such as the United Farm Women’s Group, including key member Emily Murphy.

As in many other former British Empire colonies, eugenic policies were linked to racist (and racialist) agendas pursued by various levels of government, such as the forced sterilization of Canada’s indigenous peoples and specific provincial government initiatives, such as Alberta’s eugenics program. As a brief illustration, in 1928 the province of Alberta started an initiative, “…allowing any inmate of a native residential school to be sterilized upon the approval of the school Principal. At least 3,500 Indian women are sterilized under this law.” As of 2011, research into extant archival records of sterilization and direct killing of First Nations youth (through intentional transmission of disease and other means) under the residential school program is ongoing.

(Isn’t this a inhumane crime against children?)

As a result, many of those sterilized under the Sexual Sterilization Act were immigrants who were unfairly categorized. The province of British Columbia enacted its own Sexual Sterilization Act in 1933. As in Alberta, the British Columbia Eugenics Board could recommend the sterilization of those it considered to be suffering from “mental disease or mental deficiency”.

Although not enforced by laws as it was in Canada’s western provinces, an obscenity trial in Depression-era Ontario, can be seen as an example of the influence of eugenics in Ontario. Dorothea Palmer, a nurse working for the Parents Information Bureau – a privately funded birth control organization based out of Kitchener, Ontario – was arrested in the predominantly Catholic community of Eastview, Ontario in 1936. She was accused of illegally providing birth control materials and knowledge to her clients, primarily poor women.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Eugenics Theory Cont’d

The defense at her trial was mounted by an industrialist and influential eugenicist from Kitchener, A.R. Kaufman. Palmer was acquitted in early 1937. The trial lasted less than a year, and later became known as The Eastview Birth Control Trial, demonstrating the influence of the eugenics lobby in Ontario.

The popularity of the eugenics movement peaked during the Depression when sterilization was widely seen as a way of relieving society of the financial burdens imposed by defective individuals. Although the eugenics excesses of Nazi Germany diminished the popularity of the eugenics movement, the Sexual Sterilization Acts of Alberta and British Columbia were not repealed until 1972.

Germany Eugenics – Read Carefully

Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler was well known for eugenics programs which attempted to maintain a “pure” Aryan race through a series of programs that ran under the banner of racial hygiene. Among other activities, the Nazis performed extensive experimentation on live human beings to test their genetic theories, ranging from simple measurement of physical characteristics to the research for Otmar von Verschuer carried out by Karin Magnussen using “human material” gathered by Josef Mengele on twins and others at Auschwitz death camp.

During the 1930s and 1940s, the Nazi regime used forced sterilization on hundreds of thousands of people whom they viewed as mentally and physically unfit, an estimated 400,000 between 1934 and 1937. The scale of the Nazi program prompted one American eugenics advocate to seek an expansion of their program, with one complaining that “the Germans are beating us at our own game.”

The Nazis went further, however, murdering tens of thousands of the institutionalized disabled through compulsory “euthanasia” programs such as Aktion T4. They used gas chambers and lethal injections to murder their victims.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Germany Eugenics Theory Cont’d

They also implemented a number of “positive” eugenics policies, giving awards to Aryan women who had large numbers of children and encouraged a service in which “racially pure” single women could deliver illegitimate children. Allegations that such women were also impregnated by SS officers in the Lebensborn were not proven at the Nuremberg trials, but new evidence (and the testimony of Lebensborn children) has established more details about Lebensborn practices. Also, “racially valuable” children from occupied countries were forcibly removed from their parents and adopted by German people. Many of their concerns for eugenics and racial hygiene were also explicitly present in their systematic killing of millions of “undesirable” people, especially Jews who were singled out for the Final Solution, this policy led to the horrors seen in the Holocaust.

The scope and coercion involved in the German eugenics programs along with a strong use of the rhetoric of eugenics and so-called “racial science” throughout the regime created an indelible cultural association between eugenics and the Third Reich in the post-war years.

Two scholars, John Glad and Seymour W. Itzkoff of Smith College, have questioned the relation between eugenics and the Holocaust. They argue that, contrary to popular belief, Hitler did not regard the Jews as intellectually inferior and did not send them to the concentration camps on these grounds. They argue that Hitler had different reasons for his genocidal policies toward the Jews. Seymour W. Itzkoff writes that the Holocaust was “a vast dysgenic program to rid Europe of highly intelligent challengers to the existing Christian domination by a numerically and politically minuscule minority”. Therefore, according to Itzkoff, “the Holocaust was the very antithesis of eugenic practice”.

The ideas of eugenics and race were used, in part, as justification for German colonial expansion throughout the world. Germany, as well as Great Britain, sought to seize the colonial territories of other ‘dying’ empires which could no longer protect their possessions. Examples included China, the Portuguese Empire, the Spanish Empire, the Dutch Empire and the Danish Empire. (Germany is now in control of many American top pharmaceutical, biotech and agricultural, corporation’s which is a direct relation to Eugenics Theories and practices?)

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Germany Eugenics Theory Cont’d

“Thus the colonies Germany required for her bursting population, as markets for her overproductive industries and sources of vital raw materials, and as symbols of her world power would simply have to be taken from weaker nations, so the pan-Germans asserted publicly and the German government believed secretly.(Very Concerning!)

German colonies in Africa

German colonies in Africa from 1885 to 1918 included German South-West Africa (present-day Namibia), Kamerun (present-day Cameroon),Togoland(present-day Togo) and German East Africa (present-day Tanzania. Rwanda and Burundi). Genocide was carried out there, against the Herero people of present-day Namibia and later a programme of research in physical anthropology was conducted using their skulls.

The rulers of German South West Africa carried out a program of genocide against the aboriginal Herero people. One of the officials enacting this program was Heinrich Ernst Göring (the father of Hermann Göring), as well as General Adrian Dietrich Lothar von Trotha.

The 1918 British “Bluebook” documented the genocide that took place at Shark Island Extermination Camp and Windhoek Concentration Camp, including photographs. The Bluebook was used as a negotiating tool by the British at the end of World War I to gain control of what had been German Southwest Africa, after Germany was defeated.

Skulls of the Herero were collected from Rehoboth, Namibia in about 1904, for the purpose of demonstrating the supposed physical inferiority of these people. The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute used the Herero skulls by 1928.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Germany Eugenics Theory Cont’d

The physical anthropologists used measurements of skull capacity, etc., in an attempt to prove that Jews, Blacks and Italians were inherently “inferior” to Whites. Examples of such activity were found from about 1928 at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics. This contrasted with a lot of 19th century German anthropology which was generally more cosmopolitan.

German colonies in the Pacific

Eugen Fischer of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics and his students carried out “Bastard studies” anthropological studies of mixed race people throughout the German colonial empire, including the colonies in Africa and the Pacific. Fischer also worked with the United States eugenicist Charles Davenport.

(A human life is considered a “Bastards?”)

Caribbean and South America – Eugenics – Germany?

Rita Hauschild, a doctoral student and then staff member of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Human Heredity, Anthropology, and Eugenics, carried out “bastard studies“, anthropometric studies of mixed-heritage populations in Trinidad and Venezuela, in pursuit of the Nazi doctrine of “racial hygiene”. Her research was at first confined to Tovar, Venezuela, a former German colony, and was extended to Trinidad with support from the UK Foreign Office.

The populations studied, in 1935 to 1937, were “Chinese-Negro hybrids” in Trinidad, “Chinese-Indian” and “Chinese-Negro” “hybrids” in Venezuela. In addition, Johannes Schaeuble engaged in “bastard studies” in Chile. However, German historical foundations to colonies in the “New World have a long history”.

Additional Research Links: Colonization of The Americas– World News -Eugenics Past, Present & Future

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Japan Eugenics Theory

In the early part of the Shōwa era, Japanese governments executed a eugenic policy to limit the birth of children with “inferior” traits, as well as aiming to protect the life and health of mothers. The Race Eugenic Protection Law was submitted from 1934 to 1938 to the Diet. After four amendments, this draft was promulgated as the National Eugenic Law in 1940 by the Konoegovernment.

According to the Eugenic Protection Law (1948), sterilization could be enforced on criminals “with genetic predisposition to commit crime”, patients with genetic diseases such as total color-blindness, hemophilia,albinism and ichthyosis, and mental affections such as schizophrenia, and manic-depressives, and those with epilepsy. Mental illnesses were added in 1952.

The Leprosy Prevention laws of 1907, 1931 and 1953, the last one only repealed in 1996, permitted the segregation of patients in sanitariums where forced abortions and sterilization were common, even if the laws did not refer to it, and authorized punishment of patients “disturbing peace”, as most Japanese leprologists believed that vulnerability to the disease was inheritable. There were a few Japanese leprologists such as Noburo Ogasawara who argued against the “isolation-sterilization policy” but he was denounced as a traitor to the nation at the 15th conference of the Japanese Association of Leprology in 1941.

One of the last eugenic measures of the Shōwa regime was taken by the Higashikuni government. On 19 August 1945, the Home Ministry ordered local government offices to establish a prostitution service for allied soldiers to preserve the “purity” of the “Japanese race”. The official declaration stated: “Through the sacrifice of thousands of “Okichis” of the Shōwa era, we shall construct a dike to hold back the mad frenzy of the occupation troops and cultivate and preserve the purity of our race long into the future…”

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Korean Eugenics Theory


Early in the Japanese administration of Korea, staff at the Japanese Association of Leprology attempted to discourage marriage between Japanese women and Korean men who had been recruited from the peninsula as laborers following its annexation by Japan in 1910. In 1942, a survey report argued that “the Korean laborers brought to Japan… are of the lower classes and therefore of inferior constitution… By fathering children with Japanese women, these men could lower the caliber of the Yamato minzoku“.

However, eugenics pioneer Unno Kōtoku of Ryukyu University influentially argued based on heterosis in plants that exclusive Japanese endogamy might cause “degeneration” of the Japanese race. Since he regarded intermarriage with white or black people as “disastrous”, he advocated intermarriage with Koreans, whose “inferior” physical characteristics would be subsumed by the “superior” Japanese, according to his thinking. Japanese-Korean intermarriage was promoted by the government in Korea using serological studies that claimed to prove that Japanese and Koreans had the same pure ancestral origin.

After independence in the late 1940s, both North and South Korea continued to perpetuate the idea of an ethnically homogeneous Korean nation based on a divine single bloodline. This “pure-blood-ism” (순혈주의) is a source of pride for many Koreans, and informs Korean nationalism, politics, and foreign relations.

In South Korea, an ethnic nationalism tinged with pure blood ideology sustained the dictatorships of Syngman Rhee and Park Chung-hee, and it still serves as a unifying ideology, as Brian Reynolds Myers argues, in North Korea. Deep-seated cultural biases originating in eugenics policies result in discrimination against multiracial people in South Korea, according to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

China Eugenics Theory


Eugenics was one of many ideas and programs debated in the 1920s and 1930s in Republican China, as a means of improving society and raising China’s stature in the world. The principal Chinese proponent of eugenics was the prominent sociologist Pan Guangdan, and a significant number of intellectuals entered into the debate, including Gao Xisheng, biologist Zhou Jianren, sociologist Chen Da, and Chen Jianshan, and many others. Chen Da is notable for the link he provides to the family planning policy and One Child Policy enacted in China after the establishment of the People’s Republic of China.

Sweden Eugenics Theory

Homo Sapiens 1900 and Herman Lundborg – Link Below

In Sweden, the Sterilization Act of 1934 provided for the voluntary sterilization of some mental patients. The law was passed while the Swedish Social Democratic Party was in power, though it was also supported by all other political parties in Parliament at the time, as well as the Lutheran Church and much of the medical profession. From about 1934 to 1975, Sweden sterilized more than 62,000 people.

In absolute figures, Sweden sterilized more people than any other European state except for Nazi Germany. More people were sterilized in 1948 than any other year. However, Finland (headquarters of many international pharmaceutical companies?) has sterilized the most per capita of the Nordic countries, and California sterilized approximately the same percentage.

Sweden’s large-scale eugenics program targeted the deviant and the mentally ill. Most sterilizations were “voluntary” (voluntary does not necessarily mean free from persuasion or exhortation). The Swedish government inquiry found that about 30,000 of the 62,000 were sterilized under some form of pressure or coercion.

Implanon Pharmceutical History – Links & Information

Sweden Eugenics Theory

As was the case in other programs, ethnicity and race were believed to be connected to mental and physical health. The Swedish government inquiry denied that the Swedish sterilisation program targeted ethnic minorities, but did not provide any evidence for this. The Swedish government’s claims are contradicted by the experiences recounted by Swedish gypsies and travelers.

There is proof that the program targeted women. The goal of the program was to decrease deviant offspring. If one member of a family was considered deviant the whole family became the target of an investigation. It was perceived to be easier to persuade a woman to be sterilized than it was to persuade a man. For this reason women were more often sterilized than men, despite the fact that the medical procedure involved in the sterilization was simpler to carry out on a man.

Even as recently as 1996, the Swedish government rejected paying compensation to those who had been sterilized. Following a 1997 series of articles by the Polish-born journalist Maciej Zaremba, in Sweden’s largest daily Dagens Nyheter, the issue of compensation for the victims was brought to Swedish and international attention. In 1999, the Swedish government began paying compensation of US$21,000 to the sterilized (and their families) who had “not consented” and had applied for compensation.

Singapore Eugenics Theory

Population control in Singapore – by Dating Sites

Singapore, practiced a limited form of eugenics that involved discouraging marriage between university graduates and non-graduates through segregation in matchmaking agencies, in the hope that the former would produce better children; and paid incentives for the uneducated to undergo sterilisation, among other procedures. The government introduced the “Graduate Mother Scheme” in the early 1980s to entice graduate women with incentives to get married, which was eventually scrapped due to public criticism and the implications it had on meritocracy.

Listing of additional countries who are using Eugenics Theory

Other countries that adopted some form of eugenics program at one time include Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Iceland, Norway, and Switzerland with programs to sterilize people the government declared to be mentally deficient.

Eugenics conclusion:There are only a few words to say about these disturbing finding that are impacting human lives, by other private hidden agenda’s! This theory clearly constitutes private calculated criminal conspiracies against humanity by elite American and Non-American reformers, or other international countries who have something to gain by utilizing this theory.

In America the theory violates the United State’s constitution, harming American citizens human lives, for sole international world take-over purposes. One could say this is being currently driven in the United States by Pharmaceutical Industry, Agricultural, Chemical, Pesticides, Animal breeders, etc., the theory of current human genocide is very disturbing, and should be to all human beings of all races. Below are additional links to this theory and some of the party’s involved.

To think this research started with Bayer Healthcare – Mirena – Iud which opened up this terrible finding of planned deaths by elite human reformers which includes, John D. Rockefeller III.

“The research of Bayer AG will end with – Comité European de Normalisation & Leiras Oy”

Comité European de Normalisation– At the introduction pg. 1 you reviewed;

In 1996, ISO and CEN joined forces to create the first version of ISO 14155, which repeated EN 540 standards. Almost immediately, the two organizations formed parallel working groups (WGs) to expand the standard. WG4 of ISO’s TC (technical committee) 194 developed more elaborate general requirements in ISO 14155 part 1, while CEN’s WG elaborated part 2, requirements for the clinical investigation plan. In 2003, the organizations published both. (Why would a international foundation be able to pass a American based ISO standards for American citizens?)

European Committee for Standardization

CEN, the European Committee for Standardization, is an association that brings together the National Standardization Bodies of 33 European countries.

CEN is one of three European Standardization Organizations (together with CENELEC and ETSI) that have been officially recognized by the European Union and by the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) as being responsible for developing and defining voluntary standards at European level.
CEN provides a platform for the development of European Standards and other technical documents in relation to various kinds of products, materials, services and processes. CEN supports standardization activities in relation to a wide range of fields and sectors including: air and space, chemicals, construction, consumer products, defense and security, energy, the environment, food and feed, health and safety, healthcare, ICT, machinery, materials, pressure equipment, services, smart living, transportand packaging.

Is the American government aware of this?) Are American, healthcare organizations and agencies aware of these published ISO standards created by a European non profit organization?

European Standards (ENs) are based on a consensus, which reflects the economic and social interests of 33 CEN Member countries channeled through their National Standardization Organizations. Most standards are initiated by industry. Other standardization projects can come from consumers, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) or associations, or even European legislators.

Besides European Standards, CEN produces other reference documents, which can be developed quickly and easily: Technical Specifications, Technical Reports and Workshop Agreements. Standards are being developed in Europe, and in which fields standardization work is carried out, as well as explains how we support legislation.

CEN activities planned for 2014 and SEE Link: CEN and CENELEC Work Programme 2014 –

European Committee for Standardization – Cont’d European Committee for Standardization (CEN) is a business catalyst in Europe, removing trade barriers for European stakeholders such as industry, public administration, service providers, consumers and other stakeholders. Its mission is to foster the European economy in global trading, the welfare of European citizens, and the environment. (Using American citizens and weakening the America’s economy?)

The role of CEN is to ensure the best chances for the exploitation of the results of the research, through the drafting of a new standardization document, in general in the form of a CWA (CEN Workshop Agreement), through a structure called a “CEN Workshop”.

Through its services CEN provides a platform for the development of European Standards and other specifications. CEN’s 31 National Members work together to develop voluntary European Standards (ENs) in various sectors to build a European Internal Market for goods and services and to position Europe in the global economy. By supporting research, and helping disseminate innovation, standards are a powerful tool for economic growth. More than 60.000 technical experts as well as business federations, consumer and other societal interest organizations are involved in the CEN network that reaches over 480 million people.

Address: CEN-CENELEC Management Centre-B-1000 Brussels:Websites:

The European Committee for Standardization (CEN, French: Comité Européen de Normalisation) is a non-profit organisation whose mission is to foster the European economy in global trading, the welfare of European citizens and the environment by providing an efficient infrastructure to interested parties for the development, maintenance and distribution of coherent sets of standards and specifications.

The CEN was founded in 1961. Its thirty national members work together to develop European Standards (ENs) in various sectors to build a European internal market for goods and services and to position Europe in the global economy. CEN is officially recognized as a European standards body by the European Union; the other official European standards bodies are the European Committee for Electro technical Standardization (CENELEC) and the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI

European Committee for Standardization – Cont’d

The standardization bodies of the thirty national members represent the twenty seven member states of the European Union, three countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and countries which are likely to join the EU or EFTA in the future. CEN is contributing to the objectives of the European Union and European Economic Area with technical standards (EN standards) which promote free trade, the safety of workers and consumers, interoperability of networks, environmental protection, exploitation of research and development programs, and public procurement. An example of mandatory standards are those for materials and products used in construction and listed under the Construction Products Directive. The CE mark is a declaration by the manufacturer that a product complies with the respective EU directive and hence the harmonized standard(s) referenced by the directive(s).

CEN (together with CENELEC) owns the Keymark, a voluntary quality mark for products and services. A product bearing the Keymark demonstrates conformity to European Standards. (How can these organization’s or foundations have authority to implement standards in the United States for the American people?) This is a violation of the U.S. Constitution developed by American Forefathers?)

Leiras Oy

Leiras is a part of Takeda Group which is the 12th biggest pharmaceutical company in the world. Takeda operates in over 70 countries. Our name in Finland is Leiras Takeda. We joined Takeda Group in September 2011, when Takeda bought Nycomed, the previous parent company of Leiras.

The new Leiras Takeda is the most Finnish international pharmaceutical company in the world. Takeda’s and Leiras’ merger combine the Japanese perseverance and commitment in work with the long-term Finnish expertise in pharmaceuticals. Takeda’s roots go back 230 years.

The basis of our innovative operations is groundbreaking research and development. Takeda invests over 20% of its revenues in research and development. Takeda is the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan and a significant company globally that promotes patient health through leading pharmaceutical innovations.

Leiras Oy & Additional Research References

PCAS Finland Oy – Reliable API Partner -PCAS Finland Oy has produced APIs since 1960, and it was the first company to produce active pharmaceutical ingredients in commercial quantities in Finland. Until June 2001, PCAS Finland Oy was an integral part of Leiras Oy, a Finnish pharmaceutical company, providing active pharmaceutical ingredients for pharmaceutical companies worldwide. As of July 1st 2001, Leiras Oy spun off the fine chemicals operations into a separate company and started co-operation with the French company PCAS S.A. The fine chemicals business was transferred to Leiras Fine Chemicals Oy, a joint venture between Schering Oy and PCAS S.A. As of February 28,2003, Leiras Fine Chemicals Oy changed its name to PCAS Finland Oy, and on June 18, 2004, PCAS Finland Oy became a 100% owned subsidiary of PCAS S.A. Figures 2011 Annual sales: EUR 19,7 million

Research Links: – Eugenics – European Industrial Gases Assoc. CEN – CEN – CEN Pharmaceutical Suppliers – Leiras Oy Pharmaceutical Suppliers – Leiras SynthÉlabo Oy Leiras Finland ABPharmaceutical

Oy Leiras Finland AB , Pharmaceutical – ePharmapedia…

Oy Leiras Finland AB ,Pharmaceutical company profile, Helsinki, Finland …, see full contact details…

    re> BERLIN, Germany, April 3 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ – Leiras Oy Offers Polymer Technology for Innovative Drug Delivery.

    Leiras Finland Oy Ab in Consumer Health … Takeda Pharmaceutical identifies potential top products in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals throughout the world, ……

      Life Sciences Business Intelligence for European countries … Advertisement. More documents for Takeda (Group) [1] Nuevolution A/S. (12/9/13).


          Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. LTD. CTIS Ethicon … GlaxoSmithKline Inter National Medical Center of Japan Leiras Oy Leo Pharma Lundbeck Novartis Nycomed Russia …


            Product Name: Salbutamol: Chemical Formula: C13H21N1O3: CAS: 18559-94-9: Manufacture: HUHTAMAKI OY LEIRAS PHARMACEUTICALS: Synthetic route patent …

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              Research about Oy Leiras Finland Ab, including news, information, and reports with HighBeam Business

              Takeda Pharmaceutical Company – Official Site


              Takeda is a research-based global pharmaceutical company. As the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan and one of the global leaders of the industry. Takeda


              Striving toward better health for people worldwide through leading innovation in medicine. As a wholly owned subsidiary of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited …


              Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited (武田薬品工業株式会社, Takeda Yakuhin Kōgyō Kabushiki-gaisha ?) is the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan and …

       is a research-based global pharmaceutical company. Takeda is committed to striving toward better health for individuals and progress in medicine by developing …

                 Horrifying Facts About American Eugenics

                          1. Inspired Hitler’s Master Race – In 1937, the American Eugenics Society issued statements of praise for the work that the Nazis were doing to cleanse the gene pool. For them, the scale on which the Nazis were carrying out their mass sterilization was what they had wanted for America. Original writings of eugenic supporters spoke of cleansing the American population by methods ranging from gas chambers to simply leaving the lower classes to the mercy of the elements or to disease; they went on to lament that American society wasn’t ready for such a wide-spread, sweeping cleanse and saluted the Nazis for doing exactly what they had wanted for their own country. Hitler’s fondness for the theories and science behind American eugenics was clear; he would not only quote American texts, but use them as evidence to support his madness and to recruit others to his cause.
                          1. Pioneered By A Stanford Professor – One of the founding members of the Eugenics Committee of the American Breeders Association and the Eugenics Record Office. Chief among his beliefs was that the upper class of America was being constantly eroded by the lower class, and that careful, selective breeding would be necessary to preserve the country’s upper crust
                          2. Better Babies and Fitter Families Contest – Mothers were encouraged to bring their babies to fair judging contests, and in much the same way as livestock was judged, babies would be judged on things like health, weight, and size. This evolved into Fitter Families, a contest where whole families would present judges not only with their happy, healthy babies, but with an abbreviated version of their racial pedigree
                          3. The Immigration Problems – Those that supported eugenics looked to immigrants as a problem variable that was introducing all sorts of new and undesirable genetic qualities into the American gene pool.

                          EUGENICS FACTS CONT’D

                          10 Horrifying Facts About American Eugenics

                          1. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory -The Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is still around, located in Cold Spring Harbor, New York. Now, it’s a research facility in the fields of neuroscience, plant biology, quantitative biology, and, not surprisingly, genomics. The Eugenics Record Office kept detailed family records that allowed field workers to trace cases of mental and physical defects through a family line. Conducted studies on the importance of other inherited traits, such as hair and eye color, hair texture, and skin pigments. In addition to physical traits, they also tried to document how chronic diseases such as hemophilia and mental disorders like schizophrenia, along with what they called “feeble-mindedness,” were passed through a family.
                          2. The Racial Integrity Act – The purpose was to document the race of every person in the state, allowing for a massive genetic database to be created. The database was necessary for the rest of the law—making sure that someone whose heritage was purely white married only another similarly pure person. State Registrars were forbidden from issuing a marriage license unless the man and the woman in question could both produce such a certificate stating that there was no trace of any race other than Caucasian in their ancestry. If caught lying 1yr., in jail
                          3. Supported By Alexander Graham Bell and The Rockefellers – Alexander Graham Bell was a staunch supporter of the movement, and thought that deaf people should not be allowed to marry. Many eugenics projects got their financing from some of the corporate moguls of the day, including the Carnegie Institution, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Harriman railroad conglomerate. In fact, the Carnegies founded and funded the Cold Spring Harbor research facility, one of the largest centers of eugenics activities (more on that in a minute). And it was the Rockefellers who put up the money behind a branch of eugenics in Europe—that was a German branch that counted Joseph Mengele in its ranks. They also funded organizations like the German Psychiatric Institute, which in turn gave rise to one of Hitler’s most instrumental minds in medical repression, Ernst Rudin. The United States Supreme Court was also on board, upholding the laws of the eugenics movement, and one of the leaders of the American eugenic movement, Madison Grant, received a fan letter from none other than Adolf Hitler, praising his work as inspiring. While much of the financial support of families like the Rockefellers ended before the official beginning of World War II, they had already helped set things in motion.

                          10 Horrifying Facts About American Eugenics

                          1. Feeble-Minded, Disabilities, Deaf, Orphans -The American eugenics movement had a very specific desire when it came to creating the perfect, pure race. Not only were they tall, intelligent, and talented, but they were blond-haired and blue-eyed. Sound familiar? It was described as a “Nordic” race in America, and it was the Aryan race in Germany. While Alexander Graham Bell targeted the deaf, and laws on the whole targeted the sexually deviant offenders and the mentally ill, there was another sub-group who fell victim to the forced sterilization procedures. In California, all it took was a doctor to deem you “unworthy” to have the procedure done. And in some cases—as late as 1963—that could simply mean you were an orphan. Men like California’s Charlie Follett were sterilized against their will as children; Follett’s only crime was to be born to alcoholic parents who could not support him, leaving him a ward of the state.
                          2. 30 States and 60,000 Victims – At the height of the movement, 30 states had adopted legislation that legalized the sterilization of individuals deemed unfit for reproduction. In most states, that meant the mentally ill or mentally deficient. By the time all was said and done, somewhere in the neighborhood of 60,000 people had been forcefully sterilized in state-sanctioned procedures. In some states, such as California, sterilization records are incomplete or often altered, making it impossible to truly know how many people were subjected to the procedures. It was done to men and women, Caucasians as well as individual from other and mixed races. State laws in California included permissions for those who were in prisons to be eligible for sterilization, as well as those found to have any chance of carrying hereditary dementia or insanity. The laws also removed the patients’ rights to contest the procedure, although it was still necessary for parents to consent to the sterilization of their minor children. In the years between 1921 and 1950, roughly 450 people were sterilized in California each year.
                          3. What It Means -The American Eugenics Society was an organization that began in the United States in the early 1900s. Its mission included not just segregation, but a racial cleansing and the establishment of a strong, pure race untainted by the blood of those that were deemed lesser, whether by race or by disability. That meant the practice of forced sterilization for those who were deemed unfit to have a family, such as those with learning disabilities or those in institutions. It also meant forbidding interracial marriage and, as we’ll cover, the forced sterilization of orphans, cripples, and the “feeble-minded. Sir Francis Dalton theorized that if only the best and the brightest married each other and bore children, it would elevate the human race. And in America, a country still torn by racial tensions and the reminders of a Civil War and the end of slavery, it was exactly the sort of thing those self-proclaimed best and brightest could seize upon.

                          AMA aka AGA

                          Willet M. Hays founded the American Breeders’ Association (ABA) in 1903. Hays was the first president of the ABA, a position he kept for ten years. He formulated the three objectives of the organization: “(1) Determine the laws of inheritance in animals and plants. Learn the application of these laws to increase the intrinsic commercial and artistic values of living things. (3) Aid in bringing about this desired improvement through associated effort.”The ABA published the American Breeders’ Magazine from 1910-13. In 1915 the ABA was renamed and reorganized as the American Genetic Association

                          Journal of HeredityNew York [etc.] : Pub. for the American Genetic Assoc. by Oxford University Press, 1914-
                          Ellis Library S494.A2 J7 (1914) v.5
                          University of Missouri Libraries

                          The American Breeders Association, founded in 1903, was the first scientific organization in the U.S. to recognize the importance of Mendel’s Laws and to support eugenic research. At the first annual meeting in St Louis, University of Missouri Professor of Agriculture Fredrick B. Mumford became one of the Association’s first officers.

                          The fifth annual meeting of the American Breeders Association was held during Farmers’ Week at the University of Missouri in January of 1909.

                          Taskforce on the ERC’s future (2011) – In December 2010, the European Commission set up a Task Force to look into the future of the ERC’s governance. With the new negotiations of the future research framework Horizon 2020 in sight, it was timely to identify what was the best structure for the ERC.

                          The Taskforce also built on the 2009 major review conducted by an external panel of experts that took stock of the ERC’s structure and mechanisms after its first years of operations and that specifically called for a follow-up review two years on. The Task Force was set up at the request of the ERC Scientific Council, as announced in its statement in November 2010.

                          Founded in 2000 Eurice provides comprehensive support services for the planning, initiation, and implementation of large international collaborative R&D projects. Today, we are among Germany’s largest project management offices, based in Saarbrücken with a new branch office in Berlin from 2014. A dedicated team of over 30 staff members with different professional and scientific expertise, accompanies researchers and innovative companies through the entire life cycle of a project – from the very first idea to successful project completion

                          Research Conclusion & Questions

                          DISTURBING Revelations Against Human Lives?










                          POOR (DIE) – BAD ANIMAL REPRODUCTIVE GENES





                          Research Conclusion & Questions
















                          Research Conclusion & Questions










                          IS THEIR SUCH A THING CALLED “RIGHT TO LIVE”?


                          WHO IS REALLY IN CONTROL OF AMERICA?






                          Research Conclusion & Questions




                          Who is monitoring the multiple-mergers with companies who can impact many lives.

                          Why is the American FDA or any other healthcare agency passing many of the drugs and/or medical devices from foreign countries without their own monitoring extensive due diligence.? Ensuring the safety of the American citizens?

                          Why are foreign countries stating they are based in America, when their holding companies and members are based in their home international country?

                          Why aren’t American waterways safe from import/export? Does the government

                          know who and what is shipping in and out of America?

                          Lastly, Why is the government allowing “Eugenics in America” Harming Human Lives?

                          Why are members republican party members working with these Big Pharma companies?

                          Why are many of these International Corporations and members from Europe,

                          Germany and part of ALEC organization, and U.S. Interpol?

                          Why are their so many Powerful top international countries owning United States Corporations?













                          FREELANCE EDITOR


                          CABIRI Big Pharma Research – Reproductive Health


                          DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES

                          Public Health Service

                          Food and Drug Administration Silver Spring, MD 20993

                          FDA Warning Letter To Bayer”

                          Fadwa Almanakly, Pharm.D.

                          Associate Director, Advertising and Promotions

                          Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc.

                          6 West Belt Wayne, NJ 07470-6806

                          RE: NDA 21-225 Mirena® (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) MACMIS # 18166

                          Dear Dr. Almanakly:

                          The Division of Drug Marketing, Advertising, and Communications (DDMAC) has reviewed a script for a live consumer-directed program (program) entitled “Mirena Simple Style Statements Program” (150-74-0002-09) for Mirena® (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) (Mirena), submitted by Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Bayer) under cover of Form FDA-2253.

                          The program overstates the efficacy of Mirena, presents unsubstantiated claims, minimizes the risks of using Mirena, and includes false or misleading presentations regarding Mirena. Thus, the program misbrands the drug in violation of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act), 21 U.S.C. 352(n), and FDA’s implementing regulations. See 21 CFR 202.1(e)(3)(i), (e)(5) & (e)(6)(i).

                          Background According to the DESCRIPTION section of its FDA-approved product labeling (PI),1 “Mirena® (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) consists of a T-shaped polyethylene frame (Tbody) with a steroid reservoir (hormone elastomer core) around the vertical stem.” The steroid reservoir contains the progestogen levonorgestrel, which is secreted slowly into the uterus over time upon the insertion of Mirena by a trained healthcare provider. According to the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section of its PI, Mirena is approved for the following indication: Mirena is indicated for intrauterine contraception for up to 5 years.

                          Thereafter, if continued contraception is desired, the system should be replaced. Mirena is recommended for women who have had at least one child. The PI for Mirena also includes numerous contraindications, including “[u]ntreated acute cervicitis or vaginitis, including bacterial vaginosis or other lower genital tract infections until infection is controlled,” and “[c]onditions associated with increased susceptibility to pelvic infections.”

                          1 The most current version of the FDA-approved PI as of the dissemination date indicated on Form FDA-2253 was the July 21, 2008, version, and that is the version referred to in this letter. We note that the PI for Mirena was updated on October 1, 2009. Fadwa Almanakly, Pharm.D.

                          Page 2

                          Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. NDA 21-225 / MACMIS 18166 The use of Mirena is associated with a number of risks, including warnings regarding the increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ovarian cysts, and irregular bleeding and amenorrhea.

                          Additional warnings include the risk of Mirena embedding in, perforating, or being expelled from the uterus, as well as the increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, and the risks to an intrauterine pregnancy that occurs with Mirena in place. Should a woman become pregnant while using Mirena, serious risks include pregnancy loss and a permanent loss of fertility. In addition to the warnings noted above, the PI details the common adverse reactions that were observed during the clinical trials for Mirena.

                          According to the PI, “Very common adverse reactions” (>10% of clinical trial patients) included “uterine/vaginal bleeding (including spotting, irregular bleeding, heavy bleeding, oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea), and ovarian cysts.” Adverse reactions that were reported by 5% or more of clinical trial patients include, among others, abdominal/pelvic pain, nausea, headache, nervousness, back pain, weight increase, breast pain/tenderness, acne, decreased libido, and depressed mood. The PI also includes precautions that patients should be counseled that Mirena does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) or other sexually transmitted diseases, and that patients should be instructed to check that the threads attached to Mirena are still in place after each menstrual period, as there is no contraceptive protection if Mirena is displaced or expelled.

                          Additionally, in regards to patient follow-up following the insertion of Mirena, the DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, Patient Follow-up section of the PI states (in pertinent part): • Patients should be reexamined and evaluated 4 to 12 weeks after insertion and once a year thereafter, or more frequently if clinically indicated. Overstatement of Efficacy/Unsubstantiated Claims Promotional materials are misleading if they represent or suggest that a drug is more effective than has been demonstrated by substantial evidence or substantial clinical experience.

                          The Mirena program is a live presentation designed for a consumer audience of “busy moms.” The program is presented in a consumer’s home or other private setting (e.g. private restaurant party) by a representative from Mom Central (a social networking internet site) and a nurse practitioner (Ms. Barb Dehn).2 The script of this program submitted to FDA includes an introduction from the Mom Central representative, a presentation given by Ms. Dehn regarding the use of Mirena, and a “post-party” questionnaire for the audience. The script includes the following statements to be delivered by the Mom Central representative (emphasis added):

                          • “This party was brought to you by Mom Central in partnership with Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals’ Mirena which may help couples keep life simple!” 2 The Mirena program submitted to FDA also references a presentation given by a fashion stylist (Ms. Angela Hastings) that immediately follows Ms. Dehn’s presentation regarding the use of Mirena. The script of Ms. Hastings’ presentation regarding fashion tips was not submitted to FDA.

                          Fadwa Almanakly, Pharm.D.

                          Page 3

                          Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. NDA 21-225 / MACMIS 18166 • “Barb Dehn is a practicing Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner, award-winning author and nationally recognized health expert from San Francisco. Barb is going to kick things off with a discussion about romamance and how to find simple ways to reconnect with our partners.” The script also includes the following statements to be delivered by Ms. Dehn (emphasis added): •

                          “. . . And, let’s face it, when we feel good about the way we’re put together, we feel better about approaching the romance in our lives.” • “What we’re here to talk about today – is how to find those simple ways to reconnect with ourselves and our partners.” Following the introduction of the program, the script states that “Barb [Dehn] will begin presentation with an icebreaker – an interactive Q&A – which will touch upon issues such as busy schedules, barriers to intimacy and contraception” (emphasis added). The “icebreaker” questions include the following (in pertinent part; emphasis added): • “How many of you feel so busy that you often can’t find time to take care of yourself? And do you think this impacts your level of intimacy?”

                          • “Do you ever feel so overwhelmed by your schedule that intimacy is much more of a “to do” on a list than a desire?” • “If you didn’t have to worry about contraception, do you think you would be more likely to be intimate with your partner?”

                          • “Do you think if you didn’t have to worry about taking your birth control everyday, it would help you be more intimate?” Immediately following the “icebreaker” questions, the script for Ms. Dehn states (emphasis added):

                          • “So you mentioned that convenience and reliability are among the most important benefits of your birth control method. One strategy that I recommend for busy couples is choosing a birth control method that allows for spontaneous intimacy and which you don’t have to think about every day, such as the intrauterine contraceptive Mirena®.”

                          The above statements clearly indicate that the use of Mirena instead of other means of contraception will result in increased levels of intimacy, romance, and by implication, emotional satisfaction. These claims misleadingly overstate the proven efficacy of Mirena. Mirena has been proven to be an effective intrauterine contraceptive device. While we note that Mirena does not involve a daily routine and is not a barrier method of contraception, FDA is not aware of any evidence that suggests that women using Mirena for birth control experience an increase in reconnection, romance, or intimacy with their partners. Claims that state or suggest such quality of life outcomes, such as those described above, must be Fadwa Almanakly, Pharm.D.

                          Page 4

                          Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. NDA 21-225 / MACMIS 18166 supported by substantial evidence, as demonstrated through adequate and well-controlled trials using validated patient assessment instruments to measure the outcomes of interest. If you do, in fact, have data to support these claims, you should submit them to FDA for review. We note that, according to the Mirena PI, at least 5% of clinical trial patients reported decreased libido as a side effect of Mirena use. Patients also experienced abdominal/pelvic pain, nausea, headache, nervousness, and depressed mood, which could adversely affect a woman’s feelings relating to romance or intimacy. The script also includes the following statements, to be presented by Ms. Dehn (emphasis added):

                          • “But what this party is really about is looking at the whole picture and figuring out steps to take to simplify your lifestyle while still looking and feeling great. One of those ways is finding a birth control that is compatible with your busy lifestyle.” The above statement goes beyond the suggestion of increased intimacy to suggest that Mirena can help patients “look and feel great.

                          ” Again, FDA is not aware of any evidence suggesting that women who are using Mirena for birth control look great or feel great. Patients using Mirena may experience various side effects, such as irregular bleeding, ovarian cysts, back pain, weight increase, breast pain/tenderness, and acne, in addition to the side effects indicated above. The experience of these side effects can prevent patients from “looking and feeling great.” Such claims of improved patient-reported outcomes must be supported by substantial evidence, as demonstrated through adequate and well-controlled trials using validated instruments to measure these outcomes of interest.

                          If you do, in fact, have data to support these claims, you should submit them to FDA for review. Omission and Minimization of Risk Information Promotional materials are misleading if they fail to reveal material facts in light of the representations made by the materials or with respect to consequences that may result from the use of the drug as recommended or suggested by the materials. The script includes the following risk presentation, to be presented by Ms. Dehn (emphasis in original):

                          • Only you and your healthcare professional can decide if Mirena is right for you. Mirena does not protect against HIV or STDs. Candidates for Mirena have had a child, and do not have certain cancers or acute pelvic inflammatory disease. In rare cases, perforation or embedment may occur. Mirena may become completely or partially dislodged. In the uncommon event you think you’re pregnant, contact your healthcare professional without delay.

                          Ovarian cysts may occur and typically disappear. Changes in bleeding are common in the first few months followed by shorter, lighter periods. Periods, however, may remain irregular. The risk presentation omits the contraindications regarding untreated lower genital tract infections and conditions associated with increased susceptibility to pelvic infections, and does not adequately convey that should a woman become pregnant while using Mirena, she may lose her baby or her fertility. Fadwa Almanakly, Pharm.D.

                          Page 5

                          Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. NDA 21-225 / MACMIS 18166

                          We refer you to the December 17, 2008, advisory letter from DDMAC to Bayer, regarding the promotion of Mirena. This advisory letter includes a change of opinion regarding the risk presentation for Mirena. The letter states (in pertinent part, emphasis added): Because this constitutes a change in our position, you will be provided a reasonable period of time to revise any Mirena promotional materials currently in use that omit this important risk information.

                          Accordingly, the revisions should be completed within 90 days of receipt of this letter or at the next production of new promotional materials, whichever comes first. The promotional program at issue here was newly developed, and as stated on the Form FDA-2253 accompanying the materials, it was disseminated on February 28, 2009, after the change of opinion letter was issued.

                          We also refer you to your January 5, 2009, response to the change of opinion letter, stating that you intend to comply with our request. Additionally, the script minimizes the risks associated with Mirena. Specifically, the “looking and feeling great” statement referenced above, in the context of the program as a whole, minimizes the risks associated with the use of Mirena.

                          As stated in the Background section above, the PI for Mirena includes “very common” (experienced by >10% of clinical trial patients) adverse reactions, in addition to other serious warnings, precautions, and safety issues associated with the use of Mirena. The suggestion that Mirena will help patients “feel great” minimizes the side effects that patients may experience as a result of using the drug. False/Misleading Statements The script includes the following statements to be presented by Ms. Dehn (emphasis added):

                          • “. . . Mirena has no daily, weekly, or monthly routines to comply with as compared to the negatives associated with other birth control methods.” The above claim that Mirena has “no . . . monthly routines” directly contradicts information contained in Mirena’s PI.

                          According to PRECAUTIONS, Continuation and Removal section (repeated in the DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, Patient Follow-up section) of the PI for Mirena, “[Patients should be] reexamine[d] and evaluate[d] . . . 4 to 12 weeks after insertion and once a year thereafter, or more frequently if clinically indicated.”

                          The PRECAUTIONS, Patient Counseling Information section of the PI also states that patients should check that the threads attached to Mirena are in place after each menstrual cycle (thus on a monthly basis), to ensure that Mirena has not become displaced or expelled, which would result in a loss of contraceptive efficacy. Therefore, the claim that there is no “monthly routine to comply with” is a false statement.

                          We note that the script includes instructions to check the Mirena threads monthly in a separate part of the presentation; however, this does not correct the false statement highlighted above. Fadwa Almanakly, Pharm.D.

                          Page 6 Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. NDA 21-225 / MACMIS 18166 Conclusion and Requested Action For the reasons discussed above, the program is misleading in violation of the Act, 21 U.S.C. 352(n), and FDA implementing regulations.

                          See 21 CFR 202.1(e)(3)(i), (e)(5) & (e)(6)(i). DDMAC requests that Bayer immediately cease the dissemination of violative promotional materials for Mirena such as those described above.

                          Please submit a written response to this letter on or before January 14, 2010, stating whether you intend to comply with this request, listing all promotional materials (with the 2253 submission date) for Mirena that contain violations such as those described above, and explaining your plan for discontinuing use of such violative materials.

                          Please direct your response to me at the Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Division of Drug Marketing, Advertising, and Communications, 5901-B Ammendale Road, Beltsville, MD 20705-1266; facsimile at 301-847-8444. In all future correspondence regarding this matter, please refer to MACMIS # 18166 in addition to the NDA number for Mirena. We remind you that only written communications are considered official.

                          The violations discussed in this letter do not necessarily constitute an exhaustive list. It is your responsibility to ensure that your promotional materials for Mirena comply with each applicable requirement of the Act and FDA implementing regulations. Sincerely, {See appended electronic signature page} Carrie Newcomer for Cynthia Collins, Ph.D. Regulatory Review Officer Division of Drug Marketing, Advertising, and Communications


                          Carrie Newcomer for Cynthia Collins,

                          Ph.D. Regulatory Review Officer Division of Drug Marketing, Advertising, and Communications

                          CandyK’s Communication Outreach”

                          Dec 9, 2018


                          Thank you for contacting the Division of Drug Information (DDI). This message is an automatic acknowledgment of your inquiry.

                          Dec 9, 2018

                          Automatische Antwort: Mirena Claim

                          Thank you very much for your email. I’m not in the office until Monday, December 10th. During this time, I have no access to my emails. In case of emergency, you will reach my colleague Ms. Heber,

                          Date: Thu, Mar 6, 2014

                          Subject: Incident #01980MMJ-42104CCO

                          To: < HYPERLINK “”>

                          Oct. 21st, 2014

                          Your Comment Submitted on (ID: CMS-2014-0115-0002)

                          Jan. 23, 2015


                          Legal Director – American Civil Liberties Union of Florida

                          Hello Candace-

                          I got your voicemail yesterday, but had a filing due in court. I just sent you an email copying Jeff Weinberger so I hope the two of you will follow up. I’m supposed to be in Palm Beach on Wed., Feb. 4, for a meeting at noon. However, if you have time that morning, I could probably get there by 10 a.m. and meet you someplace convenient. Please let me know if that works for you

                          Jan, 28th, 2015

                          Hello Candace-

                          Are you available to meet next Wed. at 10 a.m.? My meeting is at 11:30 a.m. and then I have to head back to Miami, but we can talk about this and the homeless rights work you’ve been doing then. If that time works, just let me know where you’d like to meet

                          Apr 10, 2014

                          Ellen Malcolm, National Partnership

                          Dear Candance,I’m the chairwoman for the National Partnership’s board of directors, and tomorrow I plan to mention you at our semi-annual meeting. Yes, you.

                          Apr 15, 2014

                          Balboa Press –

                          I want to help you tell your story

                          To get started publishing right away or to discuss your options. I look forward to speaking with you again soon.

                          Mar 6, 2014



                          May 7, 2015

                          Cecile Richards, Planned Parenthood – NO Response


                          Jul 23, 2014 – Planned Parenthood – No Response


                          Tue, Jul 31, 2018

                          CDER DRUG INFO <>


                          Incident #01980MMJ-42104CCO – Reporting to MedWatch

                          Division of Drug Information – Center for Drug Evaluation and Research

                          Thank you for writing to Your inquiry was forwarded to the Division of Drug Information in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research for a response.

                          Stay Tuned: Episode 7 – More Adverse Complications Continued

                          Pharmaceutical Fraud vs Quality of Life

                          Human lives are in the hands of corporate criminals racing to dominate the world, “one country, one human life at a time!”


                           Corporate Fraud against human lives considered a – “Misdemeanor” 

                          “Billions of citizens around the world,” depend on pharmaceutical corporations, doctors, FDA, NIH, CDC, and many other Federal Government healthcare agencies and organizations, whom are to provide the human population with proper safe medical products, procedures, drugs and devices. We must question the actions of healthcare corporations, agencies, and organizations, who put their corporate interest before human lives. If we don’t do this how can we truly trust a “Corporation-Business” who’s previously engaged in criminal activity, whether it was directly or indirectly.

                          From recent market research it seems pharmaceutical, medical, oil, wall street corporate leaders and political lobbyists are altering these “specific industries” for their corporate benefits to gain world power! It’s truly sad to know there’s some individuals with leadership positions who care nothing about a ” Human life!” The main focus is corporate greed and the race to rule the world by any means necessary, which impacting human lives all around the world.

                          America it’s time for all of us to question the “credibility” of the “Quality of Healthcare” being administered by corporations, businesses, and organizations, who were previously or currently involved in fraudulent activities that could of negligentlycost a human life, or hit a families financial stability. How does anyone know if Pharmaceutical corporations behind schemes such as Medicare/Medicaid Fraud are now “Trustworthy?” And have learned there lesson, to not scheme the government or the U.S. Citizens! “We all know it’s not that easy.” Now don’t we! Glaxo-Smith Kline has been in the spot light being reprimanded in the U.S., China, and India for illicit business practices.

                          These Healthcare corporations are providing services, products and drugs for the human population, so how does one truly know if were safe from corporate negligence and greed.

                          Another question we must ask the U.S. Healthcare officials is; Why isn’t corporate fraud cases handled in the same manner as any other regular fraud or criminal case prosecuted in the court of law? If a regular citizens pleads guilty to fraud, there’s usually a financial penalty, as well as a probationary period, and other court order requirements to satisfy the fraud charge.

                          Along with the fraud penalty, is the United States Federal Court, imposing a probationary period with additional future audits for these corporations – business who are involved in fraudulent activities. If not it should be the case if human lives can be severely impacted by their fraudulent actions. In the real world fraudulent activities could involve jail time, so why does a corporation or  business just get slapped with a monetary fine?

                          America here’s the “Root Case” of the problem, The United States Supreme Courts have granted Healthcare Corporations the power to alter and “Kill Human Beings!”  Supreme Court rules Drug Companies exempt from Lawsuits

                          America, how is this legal or ethical, when these other human beings are making decisions, products, drugs and procedures for other human beings. Who is the U.S. Supreme court really protecting, in my opinion it may be the beliefs of the “Roman Catholic church?” The top elitists who are ‘Believer’s’ in the “Eugenics Theory” to depopulate those who are a waste to society! Including those who they feel are unworthy to society. Their actions are being played out in many “Executive Board Rooms,” plotting to harm innocent lives by lying to the poor patients using them as clinical trial guinea pigs! This is awful although very true in our society and whether we realize it or not it’s “Very Realistic and True!” So just as the looming ‘Civil Right’s Violations’ in Ferguson the “Deadly Healthcare Industry” in America must receive just as much attention in order to save lives!

                          As a Florida resident, I’ve personally seen a abundance of new “Healthcare clinics” popping up all over the place, along with this comes excessive ads for clinical trial research companies seeking citizens to perform experiments on them for their man-made drugs, products and devices. America, please it’s time to think about what were putting into our bodies!

                          download (3)

                          See below Healthcare corporations who have our lives in their hands and involved in fraudulent schemes

                          Coalition against BAYER Dangers – View All Articles @

                          Bayer agrees to biggest Medicaid fraud settlement – BOSTON (Reuters) — Germany’s Bayer will plead guilty to a criminal charge and pay $257 million in fines and civil damages in what U.S. prosecutors Wednesday called the biggest Medicaid fraud recovery in U.S. history.

                          Corporate Crime Reporter, APRIL 21, 2003 – BAYER PLEADS GUILTY IN MEDICAID FRAUD CASE – TO PAY $5.5 MILLION CRIMINAL FINE, $251 MILLION TO SETTLE CIVIL CASE –

                          The Pharma Letter | 04 September 2013 – Bayer in settlement over Cipro pricing – A partial settlement has been reached in a US class action law suit involving the prescription antibiotic Cipro (ciprofloxacin), originated by German drug major Bayer, it was announced by a group of US law firms acting in the law suit on September 3

                          Press Release, October 10, 2013 – Coalition against Bayer Dangers (Germany) – GMO patents held by BAYER and BASF – Not only MONSANTO! – The discussion on Genetically modified seeds is dominated by the criticism directed against MONSANTO. In the wake of MONSANTO the German company BAYER has become one of the largest agricultural corporations in the world. Already, BAYER is one of the leading suppliers of pesticides and seeds. A current enquiry at the European Patent Office shows that in terms of the number of GMO patents BAYER actually comes first. – 

                          People & Power—Drug Money

                          Pradaxa Lawsuits Show Drug Manufacturer May Have Hidden Research

                          Study Finds An Underreporting of Injuries Associated With defective Medical Devices

                          U.S., Nev. join lawsuit against hospice accused of fraud

                          Hepatitis C plus hepatitis B raises risk of cirrhosis, liver cancer, death

                          Drugging our kids: RX alliance rewards doctors as drug companies get richer

                          Behind the Epidemic of Military Suicides

                          Corruption in the pharmaceutical industry –

                          Quality of Life Solution by CABIRI,

                          Quality of Life

                          Florida Corruption = Rick Scott & Leaders

                          Palm Beach County System Flaws

                          1. Lack of Homeless Shelters Rehabilitation Assistance Programs for Women & Children – 10yr. Homeless Program Adopted by Palm Beach County – No return phone calls lack of shelter, funding etc. W.P.B. Mayor blames county for homeless crisis! County we have no $$!

                          2.No family orientated transitional monitoring faith based 12 Step Treatment/Substance Abuse/alcohol programs – Separate from court order drug program, half way houses, pre-trial intervention.

                          3.United States Census For Palm Beach County – Omits Statistical Information for White Owned Firms – Includes Black, Asia, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, Native-America, Latino, and Women
                 & Omits PBC male percentage, No account of PBC Foreign Citizens Visa statuses

                          4. No Immediate Temporary Disability and/or Medical Insurance for unknown medical emergencies extending over a 6mth period of time.

                          5. Lack of Shore Security – Via Waterways – preventing drug smuggling and human trafficking, or non-monitoring of foreign visitors docking for long periods of time.

                          6. Lack of auditing and monitoring local Governments, organizations, political leaders, who are accountable, and responsible for other human lives – Current Governor Health Con-Artist himself!

                          7. Lack of affordable Housing for Veterans, Elderly, Single-Parent Mothers, & the Medically Ill

                          8. Lack of International Educational Programs – Assisting International children and families with English, History, Laws, Schooling, etc.,

                          9. Debt to Income Ratio Inequality – Poverty – Hidden Homelessness Crisis in Florida

                          10. Outdated Programs listed as services – Stating available for assistance when in fact their not.

                          11. UN Condemns U.S. Police Brutality, Calls For ‘Stand Your Ground’ Review – Florida has a bad case of racial profiling

                          12. HUD RELEASES JULY 2014 HOUSING SCORECARD – “The market indicators for the housing market recovery were mixed in July as foreclosure filings continue to improve, but home sales, particularly for new homes, showed unexpected weakness,” said HUD Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research Katherine O’Regan.
                          13. Rehabilitate or punish? – Psychologists are not only providing treatment to prisoners; they’re also contributing to debate over the nature of prison itself.
                          Palm Beach Post Article: Posted: 6:51 a.m. Monday, July 2, 2012
                          By Sonja Isger and Jennifer Sorentrue
                          Palm Beach Post Staff Writer

                          After more than a decade of planning, Palm Beach County will open its center for the homeless today.
                          It is the first time that the county’s homeless have had a single place to go for shelter, medical care, job training and other social services.

                          Although a handful of local charities and churches have always helped the homeless with emergency shelter, meals and job training, the county has lacked a central place for the homeless to go to easily navigate those services.

                          Homeless advocates say the center’s opening is the culmination of a perfect set of circumstances — a county commissioner advocating the project; a partnership between the county and nonprofits working with the homeless; and $8.5 million in federal grant money. What happened to the funding, who monitors and disburses has federal funding disbursement went toward homelessness assistance? If so why has homelessness increased in the Palm Beach County area.
                          “Everything came together,” said Marilyn Munoz, Executive Director of the county’s Homeless Coalition.

                          County commissioners first talked about providing an emergency shelter for the homeless in 2001, when former Commissioner Addie Greene formed a task force to help craft the plan.
                          But the next year, Greene said that the shelter should no longer be the task force’s top priority, acknowledging that political pressure from other commissioners had persuaded her to change her mind. Many worried about finding a location for the facility and complained that they would simply be “warehousing” the homeless.

                          Greene’s decision came after the county’s director of human services issued a report in 2002 saying that building a shelter for the homeless would be “cost prohibitive.” Instead, the director said he wanted more money for social workers to provide counseling for homeless people. He also said he would pay for more room nights and motels and halfway houses for the homeless while the social workers worked to find permanent help.
                          “In the beginning, (county managers) sort of encouraged you not to build permanent shelters,” said Commissioner Karen Marcus, who was first elected to the board in 1984. “It was, ‘if you start building them, you are actually going to get more homeless.”
                          By 2005 the county had partnered with CARP, Inc., which stands for Comprehensive Alcoholism Rehabilitation Programs, to help fund a 16-bed Homeless Residential Assessment Center at CARP’s campus in West Palm Beach.

                          But advocates kept pushing for a county-owned facility.

                          Meanwhile, an impromptu homeless shelter at Westgate Tabernacle in suburban West Palm Beach was drawing attention to the county’s growing homeless problem. The tabernacle drew the ire of county officials for opening its own shelter to house as many as 150 people a night. County officials argued that the shelter violated both fire code and zoning laws.

                          The tabernacle sued the county in 2007 and 2009, seeking relief from the fines. It argued that county officials had denied the homeless problem existed.
                          At the same time, then-Commissioner Jeff Koons was urging the commission and county administrators to address the county’s homeless problem. Working with nonprofits, he ultimately helped establish a homeless advisory board, responsible for crafting a 10-year plan to end homelessness in the county.

                          Koons resigned from the commission in 2010 amid an extortion scandal and was sentenced to five years’ probation but has since returned to advocating for the homeless. In an interview Thursday, he recalled urging advocates for the homeless to talk to commissioners about the county’s problem.
                          “I’d tell people whenever you bump into a commissioner, tell them how proud you are that they are working on homelessness,” Koons said.

                          The resource center became a critical piece of the 10-year plan, which was approved by the commission in 2008.

                          “Without Jeff Koons pushing it, I don’t know that it would have gotten this far,” Marcus said of the center. “It just became a real priority for him. He reached out to all the providers.”

                          Homeless in Palm Beach County
                          • A 2011 count found there were 3,228 homeless people in Palm Beach County.
                          • In county schools this year, there were 1,590 students between the ages of 5 and 17 who were considered homeless or in danger of becoming homeless.
                          • Fifty-six percent of the students in the county’s school system qualify for free or reduced-cost lunches.
                          • The leading causes of homelessness in the county are unemployment and lack of affordable housing, officials say.
                          • The county’s homeless outreach team placed 1,423 adults in emergency shelter last year.
                          Homeless Resource Center
                          Cost: $9.2 million
                          Location: 1000 45th St., West Palm Beach
                          Capacity: 60 beds, opening in three phases; 20 beds will open July 2; 20 beds will open Oct. 1; and 20 beds will open by Jan. 2. (non – existing)

                          Operation: Palm Beach County has contracted with three local nonprofits to run the facility and provide the social services. The county’s homeless outreach team will also be based at the center.

                          Lead operator: Gulfstream Goodwill Industries, responsible for overseeing the on-site interim housing and providing individual housing placement. (2013 No Services Available for homeless)

                          Adopt-A-Family: Will help families find services and housing. (2013 No services available)

                          The Lord’s Place: Will help refer people to the center and will provide employment and life skills services. (2013 No services available)

                          Lewis Center – (No services Available)

                          Homeless coalition – No return phone call – Governors R. Scott office – We can’t help you we have no $$ (How can you trust a man who’s had previous healthcare fraud, to do right by his citizens?)
                          Medical services: Staff from the county’s health department will provide on-site medical service.

                          Report: Heroin epidemic in South Florida -The problem has become an epidemic, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in the aftermath of the crackdown on pill mills that dispensed high-potency painkillers. By Dan Christensen – –

                          U.S. Healthcare Hell – Woman Faints In Florida Office Applying For Healthcare

                          Woman Faints Waiting For Medical Insurance – Palm Beach County – Healthcare District

                          3892659W009 HUMAN RIGHTS ACT.jpg

                          Healthcare Hell In America costing lives

                          The following is a story, about dangerous’Healthcare’ debacle’s in America concerning hospitals where I personally received treatment from on 13 separate occasions undergoing 6 surgeries, and ironically still currently going through constant life-threatening medical issues pre and post hysterectomy and other medical concerns where I could of lost my life at any given moment!

                          While all healthcare agencies, organizations, hospitals, politicians, doctors, and many healthcare leaders and decision makers sat around, and did nothing to acknowledge any of my life-threatening severe medical issue’s.

                          Attacks against U.S. women is currently occurring and no political figure, corporation or top 1% cares if “Women” live or die in America, so please be careful on who you vote for it may be the difference between your “life or death.

                          World pharmaceutical greed, corruption, and Healthcare political bureaucracy, has millions of Floridians and many U.S. citizens currently uninsured, requiring medical attention! My story proves they don’t care about your health!

                          It’s not rocket science people “Come On” if people aren’t receiving proper healthcare, this could be very well construed as direct violations of humanitarian rights, by not receiving proper, safe, medical treatment.

                          All Americans must ask themselves; Why are there so many problems in the United States healthcare industry? and..Who can citizens really trust with their health, safety and well-being? Why are there still currently thousands of “uninsured citizens” in the “State of Florida,” and elsewhere whom are in desperate need of life-saving medical attention, just as my personal “healthcare hell,” which is ongoing!

                          Currently I reside in West palm beach, Fl area and I don’t have any healthcare insurance, due to not having a proper residence or mailing address, which ironically was caused by my excessive hospital visits from 2012 up until recently.

                          As a woman who’s been at the bottom dealing with this “Healthcare Hell” in America, this has been a living nightmare, and trust and believe out of 2 years of fighting the Healthcare system in America, and Florida, no political figure or any other leader cares about a human life, let alone a woman’s life!

                          I’ve been fighting for immediate Healthcare re-certification to receive healthcare coverage for additional surgery and a needed mammogram. My life is currently at a stand still and in the hands of a faulty re-certification system at the Healthcare District of Palm Beach County! The ordeal left me lethargic passed out on a cement restroom floor with a elevated B.P. of 229/108 and more bodily injuries.

                          Currently, I’m unable to receive proper medical treatment that’s been ongoing since 2012, due to lack of medical insurance, although previously insured by the Health Care District of Palm Beach County a few months prior!

                          Several hospitals and ER rooms provided me with minimal treatment due to my lack of insurance, referring me to my primary care doctor and others, along with providing prescriptions for my dangerously high hypertension, after giving a B.P. injection to lower my B.P. while I was in the E.R., then soon after came my discharge papers! Amazingly, no healthcare professional directly addressed the root cause of my medical problems that landed me into the E.R. They gave me a band-aid and brushed me off like my life didn’t matter!

                          Getting discharged by both doctor and hospital was a slap in the face, when they all knew very well I had no medical insurance for follow up or prescriptions, none of the so-called caring compassionate, nurses, doctors, or hospital staff seemed to care! I thought to myself how can you discharge a “High Risk” re-occurring patient knowing they don’t have access to follow up healthcare, and they could die?

                          Now get this one my initial healthcare district insurance coverage was first activated February 2013, due to the persistence of my doctors office at the time who phoned the Healthcare District Management office and explained, to them I was there new patient and in need of immediate surgery and I really needed medical coverage for surgery. At that time of course the Healthcare District approved my medical coverage from 2/2013 – 3/2014 under option 1. Unknowingly months later post-surgery, I started having additional medical complications that landed me right back into the hospital in 2014.

                          Currently I’m still undergoing life-threatening medical problems stemming back from 2012! Due to recent life-threatening medical problems from previous surgeries that went unexplained, and now new cancerous concerns, where I’ve recently visited 3 ER rooms and hospitalized 2 times in the month of 6/2014, recent as 9/30/2014, each visit uninsured!

                          When I phoned the Healthcare District of f Palm Beach County in 6/2014, after being released from the hospital, they explained to me my coverage was dropped due to my “lack of response” from there office mailing my re-certification information to a previous incorrect address, where I’d been evicted 2 weeks after my 5th major surgery 8/2013, which was the start of my homelessness being uninsured, and after 8 months of hospital visits and 5 surgeries.

                          Now October 2014, I’m currently experiencing more life-threatening medical problems that need to be immediately addressed. So with no insurance, and being afraid for my life possibly having cancer. In a recent visit the ER doctor at Wellington Regional suggested; if I was hospitalized multiple times in the West Palm Beach area and still having medical problems maybe it was time to go out of the “State” and seek proper medical attention elsewhere! Surprisingly, this was not the first time I was told this, “many organizations stated,” this when I was seeking homelessness help and additional medical help! This doesn’t speak well of Florida!

                          Relocating as some wished me to do was virtually impossible, due to my extensive ongoing medical trauma’s and multiple surgeries it made no sense to leave and start my medical problems over elsewhere? I hope there is hope in my future, because several South Florida Hospitals and Doctors failed on several occasions to find the cause of my ongoing medical problems which has lasted for a long period of time, basically putting my life on hold. How can a person live their life not knowing, if they may end up in the hospital at any time?

                          So trying again to re-qualify for somebody’s healthcare insurance, I’ve been fighting to stay healthy and alive, while continually fighting the Government, State, and Local Healthcare agencies for fair and proper healthcare for all human beings! Politicians are supposed to protect the health, safety and well-being of American citizens, which is not being done, American citizens are dying in the hands of “United States Healthcare, Hell Of A Faulty System.”

                          Palm Beach County Healthcare District Hell

                          Back to the Palm Beach County Health Care District, in September 2014 after another E.R. discharge, I contacted the Healthcare District and spoke with the customer service department. This is when the agent stated, since my case was already closed, they would re-send me new paperwork to my mailing address to re-apply.

                          After 2 months the application never arrived, when calling to check the CSR states they have nothing to do with mailing the applications, and it’s best I come in, this was 3 weeks later! Needless to say I was furious! So I went in and I was told since I only had a mailing address and was homeless, I needed to show proof of my homelessness and needed a Homeless Declaration form filled out from a agency proving so, this form was filled out the very same day as per request.

                          After visit two and turning in all paperwork, a few days later I called the Healthcare district to check the status of my application, which I thought would be immediately re-activated, being that I was homeless and just previously covered the following year from 2/2013- 3/2014, only lapsing a few months which nothing changed besides more hospital and ER visits. I couldn’t understand the problem, when the Healthcare District had numerous medical bills from my recent previous 6 surgeries and multiple hospital visits, and prescriptions from the prior year 2013 when I was insured.

                          On 10/14/2014, I spoke with the customer service department for the Healthcare district who preceded to tell me I was not approved yet because their system mysteriously, now showed I owned a business! “Needless to say, I hit the roof!” This was totally wrong and crazy being that I’d just given them a ‘Homeless Declaration Form’ proving my homelessness, and the Healthcare District billing department surely should have medical proof in their systems of many medical bills from coverage 2/2013 – 3/2014, are you serious.

                          Please tell me how in the world could I own a business, when they knew good and well I’ d been hospitalized and undergoing life-threatening surgeries since 12/2012 when my doctors office initially called them to let them know I needed immediate surgery. Very frustrated I called to speak with the west palm beach area coordinator, to talk about why all of a sudden after being covered for a year and not even a few months lapsing time I now own a business? I explained to her I needed immediate health coverage to be seen and treated for a lump in my breast and other medical conditions dating back from the prior year.

                          The area coordinator stated, I needed to write a letter stating that I didn’t have a business that never existed! I asked her why in the world would I have to do that, when I gave them a homeless declaration form proving being homeless, along with them having proof of me being hospitalized and under doctors care since 2012, I’m sure the county has paid numerous amounts of medical bills on my behalf from 2/2013 – 8/2014 where I underwent 6 surgeries and was hospitalized numerous times. The area coordinator didn’t want to hear anything I stated, and told me to bring in the letter, or not be approved and hung up the phone. I thought wow, my life is in her hands!

                          America this has been a medical nightmare I wish upon no human being. I still have no medical insurance and a untreated lump in my breast that could be cancerous, along with having other related life-threatening reproductive health medical problems. In the meantime, I’m being unnecessarily taken through the ringer by the Healthcare District of Palm Beach County!

                          In my own defense to save my life from possible cancer, I’m writing this for all eye’s to see what’s currently occurring to women and many citizens in America due to a broken healthcare system involving political bureaucracy!

                          Please realize if this is happening to me, how many others is this happening too? Lives are precious and should not be put through such red tape especially when a citizens life is in danger, and they’ve been in the system a year and few months prior. At this moment my life sits in the hands of a woman at the Healthcare district, I don’t know! In 5 attempts in contacting the area coordinator again this time leaving several messages, I received no return phone call from the area coordinator.

                          The Healthcare system flaws is not only Florida based it goes all the way up to Washington, who apparently is missing the boat, if millions of U.S. citizens are still currently uninsured, and facing poverty due to a mis-diagnosed medical trauma’s, that are now haunting America’s healthcare industry. Something and many things are off in United States Healthcare and Automobile industries.

                          All bets are off, when it comes to saving human lives people deserve the right to proper medical treatment, and proper shelter. These are basic necessities in life to survive. The healthcare system is broken in every facet, insurance, pharmaceutical industry, Agencies, Doctors, etc., All of these agencies are gambling with human lives by not providing the basic necessities a human being needs to survive.

                          By not providing citizens with the bare living necessities such as quality healthcare, and shelter this a direct violation of humanitarian rights. According to the ACLU 3/2014 – U.N. Holds U.S. Accountable for Human Rights Violations at Home and Abroad
                          “The United States is abandoning its role as the global champion of human rights,” warned Jimmy Carter in a 2012 New York Times op-ed. Less than two years later, Carter’s warning has been vindicated. Yesterday, the U.N. Human Rights Committee issued a blistering report on the U.S. government’s role in perpetuating injustices both within its borders and abroad.

                          My once healthy product life has been medically turned upside down in a instant! Yours can be to, so be careful, and watch who you vote for! Ensure that the person your voting for will care totally for you and your families best interest. Now is the time to replace all healthcare killers, who are impacting human lives!

                          30f95db79f190b711e0bc3b2ce88575bAll leaders, must ensure every American citizen has all basic necessities to live a normal functional, healthy, stable life while on earth! If fair humanitarian treatment isn’t being provided for U.S. citizens, why should citizens pay taxes, or support leaders who don’t care about the well being of a human life?

                          Freelance Consumer Advocacy

                          Are U.S. women’s organizations credible

                          Are the United States women’s organizations credible and helping women?

                          Women’s organizations are supposed to be there to uplift, support and help women! So are they truly helping Women?

                          In some ways Yes, and more ways No! Many women in the United States ‘Reproductive Health” is being altered and has become extremely deadly for many U.S. women! Cancer is spreading rapidly in U.S. women and should not to be taken lightly! Why isn’t anyone doing anything to help U.S. women, does a international country need to step in to save the lives of American women?

                          The current Hobby Lobby and Abortion Issue’s are just the icing on the cake there’s many more  attacks against women brewing behind closed doors, “going unrecognized!”

                          Astonishingly, although many of these ‘Women’s’ organizations receive public and federal funding, although there hasn’t been one organization or government entity, reaching out to help women in the United States who’s ‘Reproductive Health’ has been impacted in some form or fashion!

                          Why is that? Do they care? Everyone knows a woman’s reproductive system is part of a woman’s internal organs, and if severely impacted this could cause woman to die, become medically ill, and/or internally diseased.

                          Involuntary attacks

                          Women in America are being targeted in every facet imaginable! When it comes to ‘Women’s’ lives, female run organizations, leaders of America and world leaders should surely step up to help women, who’s health is being impacted or has been impacted! Unsupported illnesses and deaths are occurring, is this unimportant?

                          U.S. families reproductive health is involuntarily being destroyed by Americas corrupt Healthcare system, drugs and products! How is this ethically fair to women in America!

                          Women are the main back bones of many families! Few realize, if you destroy a mothers health you destroy their children! These children now have a sick or deceased mother, who they can no longer look up to for support and guidance, some may become homeless due to no father being present. A mother ill or deceased puts a huge burden onto family households, siblings, grandparents, government programs and society.

                          Also, did anyone not bother to think that U.S. women’s reproductive health personal traumatic stories could help sway laws, and protect millions of other women around the world! Or are they politically keeping these stories private, fearing backlash by the female population?

                          It’s been hard to figure out the past 3yrs. why women led organizations, government healthcare agencies, doctors, lawyers, hospitals, healthcare agencies, and women leaders have mysteriously chose to ignore the many stories being communicated by U.S. women speaking out about there personal ‘Reproductive Health” trauma’s in America!

                          Do Women’s Life’s Matter

                          Do their stories and lives not matter? If this is the case many women in America need to re-think who really has there back! Do these organizations, leaders, agencies truly deserve our support in the U.S.?

                          Women speaking up like myself, and lawsuits being filed by thousands of women, will help change laws and bring awareness to other women around the world! Women matter in the world, and we all need to start acting like we matter or men will continue treating us like we are less deserving!

                          So why wouldn’t Women leaders want to help and ask women questions about there ‘Reproductive Health trauma’s, and that ‘s if there still alive, many have unfortunately died due to reproductive health complications?

                          Does the credibility of Women’s organizations hold true? If they aren’t even reaching out or acknowledging the same women they vouched to help protect in America, and throughout the world, What is their true purpose?

                          At this case and point this is not the case! There seems to be a broken link behind Women’s organizations whom are supposed to be there helping support American women who’s reproductive health or health in general has been compromised or currently being altered!

                          So why aren’t these top women led organizations and leaders not assisting U.S. women crying out for help?

                          Well one things for sure at least other U.S. women including myself care enough to speak out about there personal trauma’s, to help alert and protect millions of other women?

                          Women In America Demand Support From U.S. Women Led Organizations & Leaders

                          It’s time to start speaking out against ‘Women organizations and leaders’ who aren’t supporting or helping the women they vouched to help protect! Supporting women calls for much more besides “Political Bureaucracy,”  and it’s called, “Women’s Health” which is attached to a human life! Which do you think would be more important?

                          As the owner of CABIRI, and a U.S. woman with reproductive health trauma’s. I’ve personally experienced and dealt with many shortcomings of all these women led organizations and leaders in the past 3yrs. speaking with various organizations, leaders, and agencies, whom all chose to ignore many U.S. women’s voices in America experiencing reproductive health trauma’s due to healthcare corruption!

                          In my opinion and anyone with common knowledge, knows some businesses are portraying and professing to help fight for and support women, although when it comes to reality it’s a “Tall Tale!”

                          ** Women of America please think about this when you vote!**

                          Ask yourself, who’s really sincere and cares about you and your families well-being

                          Thank you for reading and please help CABIRI, spread the word, helping us protect women of the United States from devious planned out attacks via greed, power and corruption!


                          Consumer Advocacy For America

                          CABIRI Quote’s:

                          The root of money is evil – Evil is the root of money – Money is the root of all evil

                          Americas Deadly Healthcare System

                          Death’s by Americas Broken Healthcare System – No Accountability

                          America, has no one realized the current deadly trend in Unired States broken healtcare system? It’s so obvious, why are many choosing to overlook what’s currently occurring in America. The entire ‘Healthcare’ system in America, should be investigated on all levels. The VA, Hopsitals, Corporate Big Pharma, and Healthcare businesses, and leaders should be addressed! They are all related in some form or fashion and impacting milions of human lives causing death’s and deadly medical alterations.

                          The industry has become, more of a “Cash Cow” many are seeming to pass the buck on, which is and has costs millions of lives in America. Citizens are killing themselves, dying and lives being altered, for the lack of proper medical care in America, all across the board! Why are people turning a “Blind Eye” on this topic! Is it due to it hasn’t happened to YET?

                          Here’s some examples; Hospitals and Doctors are prescribing deadly drugs to patients, that have been deemed dangerous and life-threatening, or may cause multiple side-effects that can kill them, or the drug may alter another part of their body which in return, they now need another drug to fix that problem, now you have multiple mixed chemicals brewing inside your body, which could cause many other problems, which could go on forever, the more drugs your prescribed the worse you get! Which is insane!

                          The next problem, is if you have no ‘Medical insurance’ doctors and hospitals are refusing to see patients, and local clinics are so overwhelmed there is a long waiting list even to be seen. Then once you finally get in the ‘Doctors’ only put a band-aid on your medical issue, and prescribe you yet again a drug that may worsen your problem or even kill you, then the doctor tells you to come back months later. Which by that time you could be dead or your medical problem may have become even more severe!

                          The next issue, is the ‘Clinical Testing’ of many pharmaceutical products/drugs in America by Big pharma! Clinical testing in America, is being fudged, and the FDA are approving many fraudulant clinical tests! America there’s been recent stories stating Scientist, Doctors and Big Pharma Corporations are doing so, which are killing citizens, children and pets. All drugs do not work for all people, especially for different gene make-ups, ethnicities, children, and adults.There are many mixed breeds of citizens in America just like dogs, so how in the world can they truly say one drug will work for all human beings! This is so untrue, and false! Although, Big Pharma, FDA, NIH, Doctors, and Scientist in America are getting away with this type of chemically induced imbalance in the United States, which is kiling and impacting  millions of human lives! This can’t continue to happen, and all of them should be held accountable for their actions! If they know something is dangerous, why in the heck would they prescribed or approve it, for a human being to put into their body and kill them or give them another disease. This is inhumane, unethical, and down right murder!

                          My next topic, is about the VA system that has been covered up, just as the entire Healthcare Industry in America! Many veterans currently are being told that they can not be seen for 6 months or more. Some of these veterans may need serious psychiatric care, and from known knowledge from my father who is a Veteran, states these psychiatric patients are being denied treatment and appointments, so they go right outside in the VA parking lot and kill themselves. Are you serious America, these are the men and women who have fought and protected you and your family, and it seems no gives a ‘hoot’ about them! This shows no respect for Americas protectors!

                          Another, problem that many are missing the boat on is, how can you ask a “Foreign Doctor” to treat a patient who has just come from fighting a war over in a “Foreign Country” many Veterans are very disturbed by this fact! It’s like fighting against Japan, Germany, Afghanistan, Iraq or Vietnam, and you come back to United States too only be medically treated by one of these nationalities. This makes no sense and a major problem in America, and many veterans are taking notice of this and do not like it! It’s like a slap in the face for going to war to protect your country for what, to only come back home to the same foreign people who now are medically treating you! Which they do have a valid point! Also, note many veterans young and old are coming back with ‘Cancer” due to toxic chemicals, medications and gases being sprayed in the air due to war!

                          Now let’s talk about the VA facilities, I personally have a 70yr. old father who has to drive a hour and a half to two hours away just to get treated or tested for specific severe medical problems. Which makes no sense, when there is a Military Base and VA Facility 5 minutes from his house. This was the reasoning he moved close, due to his “Cancer” and other severe medical problems caused by war! This makes me so upset as his daughter! He also can’t get the proper medication, without going through excessive “Red Tape!” He was told by a ‘VA Doctor’ to go get his medication over-the-counter, which also is a problem, this may not be the same prescribed medication, or a generic version they do not have at the VA! Then in they return fault the patient for taking the over the counter medication, which now has caused the veteran irreversible medical problems. America, there is no way all of this should be occurring! Every real human being with a heart should be upset this is happening in America!

                          Another, issue that has caused a problem, is the Government and VA Hospitals, and Doctors are telling many Veterans if they can’t get an immediate appointment, to go see outside doctors. Which also is a major problem, once they finally get to see a VA hospital doctor, that doctor many not agree with the outside doctors findings, and medications prescribed, so now mis-diagnosis comes into play. In my father’s instance, the outisde doctor stated, he had diabetes and needed insulin, then the VA doctor appointment months later stated, he did not have diabetes and did not need insulin, although by that time, he’d been already been taking the insulin shots, which he also had to pay for himself, due to the fact the VA did not have the type of medication and needles he’d been prescribed by the outside doctor. Also outside doctors do not want to see Veterans, due to the fact the Government takes to long to pay them for their services! What a debacle America!

                          These men fought for America, and this is how them and their family members are being treated, I as his daughter have to go through this with him along with dealing with my own personal medical trauma’s caused by Americas Healthcare Industry, and no one cares, in the Good Ole U.S. Government, and this includes State, and Local leaders who are not offering any type of support! If you die you die in America! What a joke and a embarrassment to be a American Citizen!

                           America sorry, to be the bearer of bad news, this is too protect you and your family members! Many Government leaders, Big Pharma Corporations, Doctors, Scientist, FDA, NIH, and all other Healthcare leaders are ‘Covering up’ many issue’s in Americas Healthcare system and keeping it from the American people, while death’s and life alterations continue, so it’s very important we all know what’s truly going on behind closed doors! Also, realize this is a form of ‘Eugenics Theory’ to depopulate Americas society, and ‘Economical Warfare’ attacks against millions of citizens of America! These are all planned out tactics! Ask yourselves, why isn’t anyone being held accountable in America? If you murder someone it shouldn’t matter what type of ‘Business’ you own, or what type of ‘Job’ you have, you are just as responsible, as anyone who kills someone on the street! A life is a life, and no other human being has the right to take another persons life due to Greed, Money or Power control!

                          America, thank you for reading all of CABIRI’s writings! If you could please continue to support me in any form or fashion, I’d greatly appreciate it! I’m reporting my findings, research and personal experiences to save lives, so if my knowledge and findings means anything to you or your family members, you could help support CABIRI, to continue to keep up the fight in helping save lives in America, against corruption looming all throughout our country! I’m honestly not sure how long I can keep this up without any support and will be a very sad being that I have people from all over the world currently reading my articles. I also one day would like to start my own, YouTube News Channel, to support my writings and research! America I believe we are all in this world one time, and no one has the right to take that away from any of us, and I’m here to help fight and protect those who can’t!


                          Freelance Business Research and Writing







                          Please Read!! CABIRI Owner Coming Clean

                          Homeless Due To Americas Healthcare Industry – Father Vietnam Veteran near Death!

                          Hello America, I finally, have the nerve to write this article! I’ve been hiding in the shadows for quite some time and now prepared to tell the world, what transpired me to start my business, which I’ve gained attention from many people, and businesses all over the world. I will give a minor synopsis, due to me recently hiring attorneys and I do not want to incriminate myself. If anyone would like to interview me after reading this, we can speak about the legalities at that time.

                          I would like to tell my story so everyone in the world knows that “Big Pharma Corporations in America” are getting away with ‘Murder,’ and impacting millions of lives, while the United States Government, FDA, NIH and many other Healthcare organizations are sitting back allowing them to put our lives at risk! Just as the VA situation which myself and my Father, a Vietnam Veteran is also undergoing dramatic problems due to the VA system in Ozark and Birmingham, Alabama, he and I have almost lost our lives due to Americas Healthcare Industry! Which we are both still at risk, he is very ill and has cancer and his daughter and grandson are homeless because of my personal medical issue’s!

                          This is a double Whammy, for our family and seems no one cares at all this is occurring in America, if you die Oh Well, such as life! America, the reason I’d started CABIRI, was due to a personal ‘Medical Nightmare’ that I’ve have been undergoing since 2007 up to recently 6/2014. I’ve had 6 surgeries and been in and out of hospital a total of 10 times due to a “Defective Birth Control Device” that has almost took my life on several occasions and has caused permanent damage to my internal organs, I now have to deal with for the rest of my life.

                          America, Everyone who knows me always knew me as a active Athletic Professional College Educated Corporate woman, who’d raised two boys after being divorced. My two boys were also athletes both participated for 7yrs. in Football, Boy Scouts, and attended Christian Camps! My youngest currently being a very well-known “SkateBoarder!”

                          America, I’d always been the hard working, now entrepreneur, back bone for my entire family, who’s always excelled in many areas in my life, so for this tradgedy to happen to me, was a big blow not only to myself, too my entire family whom always expected me to keep it together. Also, let me not forget my two nephews, who’ve also look up to me to help them and guide them through life. So when I fell ill my whole entire family has fallen and wondering what happened to the hard-working Mother, Daughter, Aunt, Sister, Friend, Collegue, Business Owner etc.

                          Thanks to Americas Healthcare Industry my entire life was stripped away from me instantly! I’ve actually been keeping my health problems quiet from my entire family except my parents, It’s kinda like I’ve been embarrassed about my traumatic health problems and didn’t want anyone to know or worry about me. My boys have been utterly, scared they were going to lose the only support system they’ve had in their lives, who has always been there for them! My youngest son, has refused to leave my side, the oldest calls weekly checking to see if I’m okay! My father and mother, don’t know what to do.

                          It’s sad and disheartening I can’t be there for my ailing Father due to my own medical issue’s, I’m growing very afraid he may not make it if I don’t step in. The VA is not helping him at all, he also can’t get his medication that he needs, as well as myself due to my ineligability for Obamacare and I’m homeless due to being hospitalized and have no address to get Florida’s State Medical Insurance.

                          Now, let’s get back to how I started CABIRI, well I wanted to find out What, Who, When and Where, did this to me and my family, and turned our lives upside down and has now left me and my son homeless. Well America, we can thank the United States International HealthCare Industry, which I’ve done extensive research on, and have been communicating to the world some of my research findings.

                          America, I would liket to put my research findings in a book format, although it’s become impossible with no income, and being in and out of the hospital. Publishing companies want money, so I felt the only way I could communicate my information is by developing my own website, and social medica business, which turned into CABIRI- Consumer Advocacy Business Industry Research Investigating – this way I could help help save millions of lives in America and all around the world.

                          Yes, I’ve tried to keep up with my communications as much as possible while undergoing, doctor visits, hospital stays! Although, I’d been down, I’ve continued to communicate my findings, to the world, even sending a copy of my disturbing research findings to President Obama, who has failed to acknowledge or care to acknowledge Americas current Healthcare Crisis. I’d also previously wrote about my the VA crisis my Father and I were currently experiencing again no one was listening or cared to listen!

                          It seems United States Government, State’s or Big Pharma Corporations care if millions of people are dying or becoming homeless all due to Americas HealthCare Industry! Which is a form of a planned out “Eugenics Theory” the Government does not want Americans to know about, I have a mound research of information that spells out all of these planned attacks against American citizens.

                          I’ve been trying to explain to the world,there are top 1%’s and international leaders whom are trying to currently depopulate countries, and a all the series of events occurring in America, and around the world are all planned out tactics they are using and are covering up. Many top leaders are involved in Conspiracy and Corruption against human beings causing death and permanent life altering medical issue’s.

                          America, Jesse Ventura was on the right track until he was silenced and his show was tooken off the air. All human beings who are poor, disabled, or in the middle-class are at risk for what’s coming down the pipeline. Republicans are major players in these conspiracies and are the main supporters of these international conspirators, and top corporate leaders in America, so please be aware!

                          America, please pass this along to all of your family members, many lives are currently at risk, these culprits are using Americas Medical Industry as there tool, to carry out their planned out tactics. Also, please be aware they are our top leaders in every industry in America, which is very disturbing.

                          Which many are unaware of, one day when I’m out of the woods, I plan on getting my book out to the public immediatley too help protect and save lives and our country America! Everyone is currently in danger by “Big Pharma” and many other industries in America, many are unaware of what’s really going on in your own country.
                          Have no fear CABIRI, is no here to help protect you! Although, I’m undergoing my own medical nightmare,I will not sit back like our ‘good ole Government’and allow this to continue to happen to other American citizens, you deserve to hear the truth to protect yourselves and your family.

                          Also, I want everyone to know, while I was researching I’ve been hacked, multiple times, Web Cam’d, and my MS word file corrupted, someone did not want me to print out my research information, I’d written! America, this article is a big step in my life, although I couldn’t hold back any longer since death’s are occurring daily in Americas HealthCare Industry by Big Pharma International Corporations and the United State Government leaders, whom are acting as though they don’t care, these are the same people all of us elected into office, who are human beings just like us, and we’ve all paid taxes to our country, so who are they to put our lives at risk!

                          We all must stand up for our human rights and stop these predators from harming us and our family members lives!
                          Thanks you for reading, and I hope you will pass this article on for your own knowledge and protection! If you would like to contact me directly, please email me (Candance) @, due to my homelessness I have no way for you to contact me via phone, sorry!

                          Freelance Consumer Business Industry Research
                          Social Media: Twitter/Facebook/Pinterest: @kaila.Truths